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Tadeus Reichstein

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This person won a Nobel Prize
Tadeusz Reichstein

Born July 20, 1897
Włocławek, Congress Poland
Died August 1, 1996(1996-08-01) (aged 99)
Basel, Switzerland
Citizenship Switzerland
Nationality Polish
Known for cortisone
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950

Tadeusz Reichstein (July 20, 1897 – August 1, 1996) was a Polish-born Swiss chemist and Nobel laureate.

Reichstein was born into a Jewish family at Włocławek, Congress Poland, and spent his early childhood at Kiev, where his father was an engineer. He began his education at boarding-school in Jena, Germany.

In 1933, working in Zürich, Switzerland, Reichstein made vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in what is now called the Reichstein process.

Together with E. C. Kendall and P. S. Hench, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for their discovery of cortisone.

He died in Basel, Switzerland. The main industrial process for the artificial creation of Vitamin C still bears his name. Reichstein was the longest-lived Nobel laureate at the time of his death, but was beaten in 2008 by Rita Levi-Montalcini.


  • Rothschild, M (1999), "Tadeus Reichstein: 20 July 1897-1 August 1996.", Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain) 45: 451–67, PMID 11624287
  • Sterkowicz, S (1999), "[On the hundredth birthday of the first scientist of Polish ancestry to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine: Tadeusz Reichstein]", Prz. Lek. 56 (3): 245–6, PMID 10442018

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