Ancient bronze bust, known as Pseudo-Seneca
. This is now believed to be an imaginative portrait of Hesiod.
: Θεογονία, Theogonía
, the birth of the gods
) is a poem
. It was written in the 8th or 7th century BC, and uses the same dialect of Ancient Greek
. This dialect is known as Epic dialect
today. With the exception of the Illiad
and the Odyssey
, the Theogony is the oldest known source of Greek mythology
The poem is a synthesis of different Greek stories and traditions. It is a story that tells how the gods came to be and how they established permanent control over the cosmos. It is the first Greek mythical cosmogony. In the beginning, the state of the universe is chaos - a dark indefinite void. Everything else appeared from divine chaos.
- ↑ Erika Simon (1975) (in German). Pergamon und Hesiod. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern. .
- Athanassakis, Apostolos N., Theogony ; Works and days ; Shield / Hesiod ; introduction, translation, and notes, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1983. ISBN 0801829984
- Frazer, R.M. (Richard McIlwaine), The Poems of Hesiod, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press, 1983. ISBN 0806118377
- Most, Glenn, translator, Hesiod, 2 vols., Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2006-07.
- Schlegel, Catherine M., and Henry Weinfield, translators, Theogony and Works and Days, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 2006