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Watermelon cross section
Scientific classification
C. lanatus
Binomial name
Citrullus lanatus
(Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
Watermelon output in 2005

A watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a plant originally domesticated in Africa. It is a highly cultivated edible fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties. About 6% of a watermelon is sugar, which makes it very sweet. There are many different types of watermelon. Some have a green rind on the outside and a red-pink flesh on the inside, with brown seeds. Some can have yellow flesh, and some can be seedless. The green rind on the outside is not usually eaten, though it can be used as a vegetable. It can also be stewed or pickled. Most watermelons are oblong or spherical. In Japan, watermelons are grown in different shapes.


Watermelons are a great source of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6 and vitamin B1. They also contain potassium, magnesium, carotenoid antioxidant, and lycopene. Watermelon is very healthy.[2]

Watermelon, being rich in vitamin C, so it strengthens the body’s immune system . The fruit also contains vitamin B6 that helps the immune system produce antibodies the vitamin A also helps in the formation of red blood cells. 10 Health Benefits of Eating Watermelon.