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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 1st century BC1st century2nd century
Decades: 10s  20s  30s  – 40s –  50s  60s  70s
Years: 37 38 394041 42 43

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Year 40 (XL) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Augustus without colleague.


Roman Empire

  • The emperor Caligula is consul without colleague.
  • Caligula starts a campaign to conquer Britain. It fails miserably. He names himself the winner.
  • Noricum and Mauretania are added into the Roman Empire.
  • Caligula reforms the principatus into a Hellenistic Autocracy. He distributes honors carelessly, declares himself a god and orders that all the heads of the Greek deity statues be replaced by his. According to legend, this is when he appointed his horse, Incitatus, a senator.
  • Approximate date of start of construction on the Pont du Gard aqueduct in Gallia Narbonensis.
  • Philo teaches that all men are born free.
  • An early Christian church is erected at Corinth (most probable date).