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Abigail Adams

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Abigail Smith Adams
Abigail Adams.jpg
Abigail Adams by Benjamin Blythe, 1766
2nd First Lady of the United States
In office
March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801
Preceded byMartha Washington
Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
1st Wife of the Vice President of the
United States
In office
May 16, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
Personal details
Born(1744-11-11)November 11, 1744
Weymouth, Province of Massachusetts Bay
DiedOctober 28, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73)
Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Spouse(s)John Adams
RelationsWilliam and Elizabeth Quincy Smith
ChildrenAbigail "Nabby", John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas,(stillborn)
OccupationFirst Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States

Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744–October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States. Later on, people started to address the wife of the president as the First Lady. So, she became the second First Lady of the United States.[1] She was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She belonged to a famous family of Massachusetts (the Quincy Family).

In 1801, the couple retired and lived in Quincy. Abigail died in 1818, at age 74 of typhoid fever.

Early life

Abigail Adams advocated for an equal education in public schools for boys and girls. In her earliest years, she was often in poor health. She spent most of her time reading. In addition to that, she corresponded to family and friends before getting married. [2]

Adams did not get any formal education in any school or college. Her father had a big library, so she studied many books and became smart that way. She married John Adams in 1764. In the next ten years, she had five children (a sixth was stillborn). One of her children was John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States.

Political involvement

Adams was a vital confidant and adviser to her husband John Adams. She opposed slavery and supported women's rights. In 1776, her husband participated in the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. There, Adams wrote her most famous letter to the Founding Fathers "remember the ladies."[3]

In 1784, Adams joined at her husband at his diplomatic post in Paris. She became interested in the manners of the French. After 1785, she filled the difficult role of wife of the First US Minister to Great Britain. She did so with dignity.[4]
Abigail Adams (1744-1818). From: Evert A. Duyckinick: Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women in Europe and America. New York, 1873.


  1. "Abigail Adams | Biography & Facts" (in en). 
  2. "Abigail Adams Biography :: National First Ladies' Library". 
  3. Michals. "Abigail Adams". 
  4. Black. "The First Ladies of the United States of America". 

Other websites

Media related to Abigail Adams at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Abigail Adams at Wikiquote