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William Frederick Cody
February 26, 1846
near Le Claire, Iowa, U.S.
|Died||January 10, 1917 (aged 70)|
|Cause of death||Kidney failure|
|Resting place||Lookout Mountain, Golden, Colorado|
|Other names||Buffalo Bill Cody|
|Occupation||Army scout, Pony Express rider, ranch hand, wagon train driver, buffalo hunter, fur trapper, gold prospector, showman|
|Known for||Buffalo Bill Wild West shows which provided education and entertainment about bronco riding, handling bovine and equine livestock, roping, and other herdsmen skills seen in present day rodeos|
|Spouse(s)||Louisa Frederici (1843–1921) (m. 1866–1917)|
Kit died of scarlet fever in April 1876, and his daughter Orra died in 1883
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Buffalo Bill started working at the age of eleven after his father's death. He became a rider for the Pony Express at age 14. During the American Civil War, he served from 1863 to the end of the war in 1865. Later he served as a civilian scout to the US Army during the Indian Wars, receiving the Medal of Honor in 1872.
One of the most colorful figures of the American Old West, Buffalo Bill became famous for the Wild West shows he organized with cowboy themes, which he toured in Great Britain and Europe as well as the United States.
Cody died of kidney failure on January 10, 1917, surrounded by family and friends at his sister's house in Denver. Cody was baptized into the Catholic Church the day before his death by Father Christopher Walsh of the Denver Cathedral.
- Russell, Don (1979). The Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill. Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 469. .
- Weber, Francis J. (1979). America's Catholic heritage: some bicentennial reflections, 1776–1976. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin – Madison. p. 49.
- Mosesl, L.G. (1999). The Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill. New Mexico: UNM Press. p. 193. .
- "The Papers of William F. Cody". http://www.centerofthewest.org/research/papers-of-william-f-cody/. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- William F. Cody Archive