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|State of Iowa|
|Nickname(s): The Hawkeye State|
|Motto(s): Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain|
|Largest city||Des Moines|
56,272 sq mi |
|- Width||199 miles (320 km)|
|- Length||310 miles (500 km)|
|- % water||0.71|
|- Latitude||40°36'N to 43°30'N|
|- Longitude||89°5'W to 96°31'W|
|Number of people||Ranked 30th|
54.5/sq mi (20.9/km2)|
|Height above sea level|
|- Highest point||
1,670 ft (509 m)
|- Average||1,099 ft (335 m)|
|- Lowest point||
480 ft (146 m)
|Became part of the U.S.||December 28, 1846 (29th)|
|Governor||Terry Branstad (R)|
Chuck Grassley (R)|
Tom Harkin (D)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Iowa (state in the Midwestern United States. Its name comes from the Ioway people, one of the Native American tribes that lived in Iowa. Iowa was a part of New France, but was sold to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Its settlers were mostly farmers: Iowa is part of the Corn Belt and is often known as the "Food Capital of the World." However, Iowa's landscape, culture, and economy are diverse, with the economy changing in the second half of the 20th Century to include many kinds of business.) is a
GeographyMidwestern United States. To the north of Iowa is Minnesota; to the west are Nebraska and South Dakota; to the south is Missouri; and to the east are Illinois and Wisconsin.
The eastern border of the state is marked by the Mississippi River which runs between Iowa and Illinois. The western border is marked by the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers. The northern border is a line 43 degrees, 30 minutes north latitude. The southern border follows the northern border of Missouri.[note 1] Iowa and Missouri disagreed about the location of the Iowa-Missouri border. This argument was ended by the Supreme Court of the United States in the 1896 case, State of Missouri v. State of Iowa, after a standoff called the Honey War. The border follows the Des Moines River for the far eastern part of the state and is at close to 40 degrees, 35 minutes north for the rest of the state.
Most of Iowa is considered to be a plain.
Law and Government
The government of Iowa has three branches, similar to the federal government of the United States. The executive branch is headed by the governor, currently Terry Branstad (R). The legislative branch is the Iowa General Assembly, composed of two houses - the Iowa Senate and the Iowa House of Representatives. The judicial branch is headed by the Iowa Supreme Court under the chief justice, currently Marsha Ternus.
There are two major political parties in Iowa, the Iowa Democratic Party and the Republican Party of Iowa, as well as several unofficial third parties. No one party is in charge of the government as of 2013[update]; the governor is a Republican and the House has a Republican majority under Kraig Paulsen, but the Senate has a Democratic majority under Mike Gronstal.
- Bruce Braley (D) - First District
- Dave Loebsack (D) - Second District
- Tom Latham (R) - Third District
- Steve King (R) - Fourth District
There are many farms in Iowa. Iowa is well known for its agriculture. Its main agricultural outputs are hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, and dairy products. Its industrial outputs include food processing and machinery. Iowa also produces more ethanol fuel than any other U.S. state.
- Colleges and universities in Iowa
- List of cities in Iowa
- List of counties in Iowa
- List of rivers of Iowa
- "State Symbols". Iowa Department of Economic Development. http://www.traveliowa.com/statesymbols.aspx. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Guide to State and Local Census Geography–Iowa". census.gov. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/guidestloc/st19_ia.html. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Alex, Lynn M. (2000). Iowa's Archaeological Past. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City. http://www.uiowapress.org/books/pre-2002/aleiowarc.htm. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Merry, Carl A. (1996). "The Historic Period". Office of the State Archaeologist at the University of Iowa. http://www.uiowa.edu/~osa/learn/historic/hisper.htm. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "Major Industries in Iowa" (PDF). Iowa Department of Economic Development. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. http://web.archive.org/web/20050520102110/http://www.iowalifechanging.com/downloads/iaindustries.pdf. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Wind Energy in Iowa". Iowa Energy Center. http://www.iowaenergycenter.org/renewable-energy/wind/. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- State of Missouri v. State of Iowa, 48 U.S. (7 How.) 688 (1896).
- Morrison, Jeff (January 13, 2005). "Forty-Thirty-five or fight? Sullivan's Line, the Honey War, and latitudinal estimations". http://homepage.mac.com/jeffmorrison/maps/sullivanline.html. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "County Seats". http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/CountySeats.aspx. Retrieved May 9, 2012.