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State of Illinois
Flag of Illinois State seal of Illinois
Flag of Illinois Seal
Nickname(s): Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Motto(s): State sovereignty, national union
Map of the United States with Illinois highlighted
Official language English
Capital Springfield
Largest city Chicago
Area Ranked 25th
 - Total 57,918 sq mi
(149,998 km2)
 - Width 210 miles (340 km)
 - Length 390 miles (629 km)
 - % water 4.0
 - Latitude 36°58'N to 42°30'N
 - Longitude 87°30'W to 91°30'W
Number of people Ranked 5th
 - Total 12,419,293
 - Density 223.4/sq mi  (86.27/km2)
Ranked 11th
 - Average income $45,787[1] (18th)
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Charles Mound[2]
1,235 ft (377 m)
 - Average 600 ft  (182 m)
 - Lowest point Mississippi River[2]
279 ft (85 m)
Became part of the U.S. December 3, 1818 (21st)
Governor Bruce Rauner-elect (R)[3]
U.S. Senators Richard Durbin (D)
Mark Kirk (R)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations IL, US-IL

Illinois is a state in the United States. Its capital is Springfield and its largest city is Chicago. It is bordered to the north by Wisconsin, to the west by Iowa and below that, by Missouri (both borders are along the Mississippi River). To the south-east, Illinois is bordered along the Ohio River by Kentucky and to the east by Indiana. Illinois' northeasternmost boundary is to Lake Michigan.

Illinois has a diverse economy. Chicago is a major center for transportation and business. Central and northern Illinois is mostly used for agriculture. The south produces many natural resources such as coal, timber and petroleum.[4]

Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. Illinois was the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which helped abolished slavery in the United States.[5]

Most of the people living in Illinois live near the city of Chicago.

People from Illinois

Famous Illinoisans include:

State symbols

In Illinois, school children voted to select the state bird, state flower, and state tree. The state bird is the cardinal. The state flower of Illinois is the violet. The state tree is the white oak.

Illinois's seal has an eagle in a prairie. Across a river, behind the eagle is a rising sun. The eagle stands for the United States. The prairie reminds Illinoisans of their land. The two dates on the seal, 1818 and 1868, are the year that Illinois became a state and the year that the state seal was designed. The state flag includes the state seal.

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