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State of Wisconsin
Flag of WisconsinOfficial seal of Wisconsin
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Anthem: On, Wisconsin!
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodWisconsin Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 29, 1848 (30th)
Largest cityMilwaukee
Largest metroChicago metropolitan area
 • GovernorTony Evers (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorMandela Barnes (D)
LegislatureWisconsin Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseAssembly
U.S. senatorsRon Johnson (R)
Tammy Baldwin (D)
U.S. House delegation5 Republicans
3 Democrats
 • Total65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)
 • Land54,310 sq mi (140,663 km2)
Area rank23rd
1,050 ft (320 m)
Highest elevation1,951 ft (595 m)
Lowest elevation579 ft (176 m)
 • Total5,822,434
 • Rank20th
 • Density105/sq mi (40.6/km2)
 • Density rank23rd
 • Median household income
$59,305 [8]
 • Income rank
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Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-WI
Trad. abbreviationWis., Wisc.
Latitude42° 30' N to 47° 05′ N
Longitude86° 46′ W to 92° 54′ W
Wisconsin State symbols
Flag of Wisconsin.svg
The Flag of Wisconsin.

Seal of Wisconsin.svg
The Seal of Wisconsin.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) American robin
Turdus migratorius
Fish Muskellunge
Esox masquinongy
Flower(s) Wood violet
Viola sororia
Insect Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Tree Sugar maple
Acer saccharum

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Polka
Food Corn
Zea mays
Fossil Trilobite
Calymene celebra
Mineral Galena
Slogan(s) America's Dairyland[9]
Soil Antigo silt loam
Tartan Wisconsin tartan

Route marker(s)
Wisconsin Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Wisconsin
Released in 2004

Lists of United States state insignia

Wisconsin (/wɪˈskɒnsɨn/ ) is a state in the north-central United States. Two of the five Great Lakes and four other states (Illinois, Iowa, Michigan and Minnesota) border Wisconsin. The capital of Wisconsin is Madison. The biggest city in Wisconsin is Milwaukee.


Native Americans first settled in Wisconsin before the arrival of Europeans.


The word Wisconsin comes from the name that one of the Algonquian speaking American Indian groups living in the area gave to the Wisconsin River. They named the Wisconsin River at the time that the European contact happened.[10] Jacques Marquette, a French , was the first European (or person from Europe) to get to the Wisconsin River and write down the name. He reached the Wisconsin River in 1673. He wrote the name of the river as Meskousing in his journal.[11] Over time, other explorers from France this name into Ouisconsin. This is now the French name for the Wisconsin River. As of 1845, the government of the Wisconsin Territory gave the name Wisconsin to the Wisconsin River.[12]


Many people in Wisconsin go skiing, ice fishing and to snowmobile races. The Major League Baseball's Milwaukee Brewers are popular. Music events include the Summerfest. There is the Milwaukee Art Museum. Circle Sanctuary is the largest Wiccan organization in the U.S.


The Montreal River flows along the border of Wisconsin. Lake Superior and Michigan border Wisconsin to the north. Lake Michigan is to the east of Wisconsin, and Illinois is found directly south of Wisconsin. Other rivers that make up the border of Wisconsin include the Mississippi River and St. Croix Rivers to the west and the Menominee River to the northeast.

Wisconsin has a lot of different kinds of geography and is very diverse. Wisconsin is made up of five main areas of geography. The Lake Superior Lowland to the north is an area of land that is right against Lake Superior. The Northern Highland area of Wisconsin is to the south of the Lake Superior Lowland. This area contains trees and other kinds of forests. The Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest (1,500,000 acres big),[13] is found in this area. The highest point in Wisconsin, Timms Hill, is in the Northern Highland area. The Central Plain area is found in the central part of Wisconsin. Lots of sandstone , such as the Dells of the Wisconsin River, are found in the Central Plain area. The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands area is found in the southeastern part of Wisconsin. Many of the biggest cities in Wisconsin are in the Eastern Ridges and Lowlands area. The Western Upland area is in the southwestern part of the state. This area includes features like bluffs along the Mississippi River and forests and farmland (land put aside for farming).


The highest temperature ever recorded in Wisconsin was in the Wisconsin Dells. It was recorded on July 13, 1936. The temperature reached 120 °F (46 °C). The lowest temperature in Wisconsin ever written down was in the village of Couderay. The temperature there was only –55 °F (-48 °C). This was recorded on both February 2 and February 4, 1996.[14]

Cities and towns

Wisconsin has cities and towns of many different sizes.[15] Nearly 70 percent of people living in Wisconsin live in urban areas (cities like Madison and Milwaukee). 33 percent of the population of Wisconsin lives in the Greater Milwaukee area.[16] Milwaukee is found at the northern end of a string of cities and towns along Lake Michigan. With almost 600,000 people living in Milwaukee, that makes Milwaukee the 22nd-largest city in the country.[17] Madison is also another important city in Wisconsin. With a population of just over 225,000 people, it is a city that grows very fast. A suburb of Madison, Middleton, was also ranked the "Best Place to Live in America" in 2007 by CNN Money.[18] There are a bunch of medium-sized cities and towns (meaning their populations are between 25,000 and 100,000 people) in Wisconsin. 12 cities in Wisconsin with a population of 50,000 or more.[19]

Related pages


  1. Dornfeld, Margaret; Hantula, Richard (2010). Wisconsin: It's my state!. Marshall Cavendish. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-60870-062-2 . Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  2. Urdang, Laurence (1988). Names and Nicknames of Places and Things. Penguin Group USA. p. 8. ISBN 9780452009073 . Retrieved May 25, 2015. ""America's Dairyland" A nickname of Wisconsin". 
  3. Kane, Joseph Nathan; Alexander, Gerard L. (1979). Nicknames and sobriquets of U.S. cities, States, and counties. Scarecrow Press. p. 412. ISBN 9780810812550 . Retrieved May 25, 2015. "Wisconsin—America's Dairyland, The Badger State ...The Copper State". 
  4. Herman, Jennifer L. (2008). Wisconsin Encyclopedia, American Guide. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 10. ISBN 9781878592613 . Retrieved May 25, 2015. "Nicknames Wisconsin is generally known as The Badger State, or America's Dairyland, although in the past it has been nicknamed The Copper State.". 
  5. "Wisconsin State Symbols Archived February 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine" in Wisconsin Blue Book 2005–2006, p. 966.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. "Median Annual Household Income". Retrieved December 9, 2016. 
  9. "Wisconsin State Symbols". May 23, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  10. "Wisconsin's Name: Where it Came from and What it Means". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  11. Marquette, Jacques (1673), "The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet and Marquette, 1673", in Kellogg, Louise P., Early Narratives of the Northwest, 1634-1699, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 235, OCLC 31431651 , 
  12. Smith, Alice E. (September 1942). "Stephen H. Long and the Naming of Wisconsin". Wisconsin Magazine of History (Madison, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Historical Society) 26 (1): 67–71.,14413. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  13. "Welcome to the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest!". 
  14. Benedetti, Michael. "Climate of Wisconsin". The University of Wisconsin-Extension. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  15. "Estimated Population per Square Mile of Land Area, Wisconsin Municipalities". 
  16. Naylor. "Number and Percent of Total Population by Urban/Rural Categories for Wisconsin Counties: April 1, 2000" (PDF). State of Wisconsin, Department of Administration. Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  17. Davis, Chase; Rick Romell. "City drops out of top 20". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (Journal Communications). Retrieved 2007-03-16. 
  18. "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Middleton, Wis. (1) - Money Magazine". 
  19. "U.S. Census Bureau, "Wisconsin -- GCT-T1-R. Population Estimates"". 

Other websites

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