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|State of Minnesota|
|Anthem: Hail! Minnesota|
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
|Before statehood||Minnesota Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||May 11, 1858 (32nd)|
|Largest metro||Minneapolis–Saint Paul|
|• Governor||Tim Walz (DFL)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Peggy Flanagan (DFL)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Amy Klobuchar (DFL)|
Tina Smith (DFL)
|U.S. House delegation||5 Democrats|
3 Republicans (list)
|• Total||86,950 sq mi (225,163 km2)|
|• Land||79,610 sq mi (206,375 km2)|
|• Water||7,329 sq mi (18,990 km2) 8.40%|
|Elevation||1,200 ft (370 m)|
|Highest elevation||2,301 ft (701 m)|
|Lowest elevation||602 ft (183 m)|
|• Density||68.9/sq mi (26.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||30th (2015 est.)|
|• Median household income||$68,388 |
|• Income rank||10th|
|• Official language||None|
|• Spoken language|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-MN|
|Latitude||43° 30′ N to 49° 23′ N|
|Longitude||89° 29′ W to 97° 14′ W|
|The Flag of Minnesota.|
|Flower(s)||Pink-and-white lady's slipper|
|Gemstone||Lake Superior agate|
|Released in 2005|
|Lists of United States state insignia|
The capital of Minnesota is Saint Paul. The largest city is Minneapolis. Over 3 million people live in the two cities and the suburbs that surround it, which are separated by the Mississippi River. They are known as the Twin Cities.
Before Minnesota was a state, indigenous peoples like the Dakota and the Ojibwe had lived there for a long time. White people entered the area to trade for furs and gain land; they tried to push out the indigenous peoples, which led to a war. The U.S. Army was sent in to fight the indigenous peoples, and the army officers brought many black slaves with them to their forts.
Minnesota became a state on May 11, 1858; the army was still practicing slavery at the time. It was the 32nd state in the United States of America. The name Minnesota is Dakota (a Native American language) for "sky-tinted water". Eagle Mountain is the highest point in Minnesota. The state bird is the Common Loon.
Minnesota has a humid continental climate. The winters in Minnesota are long and severe. Hence the state has a short growing season. During the summer, the south of the state is hot; the north is warm.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20111015012701/http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "Lake Superior Water Levels" Archived August 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. Updated daily.
- "Median Annual Household Income". http://kff.org/other/state-indicator/median-annual-income/?currentTimeframe=0. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
- "QuickFacts Minnesota; UNITED STATES". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. February 18, 2020. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/MN,US/PST045219. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
- "Minnesota State Demographic Center—Immigration & Language". https://mn.gov/admin/demography/data-by-topic/immigration-language. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- "Minnesota State Tree—Red Pine (Norway Pine)". State Symbols USA. https://statesymbolsusa.org/symbol-official-item/minnesota/state-tree/red-pine.
- "Native Americans" (in en). Minnesota Historical Society. https://www.mnhs.org/fortsnelling/learn/native-americans.
- Bachman, Walt (2013-10-18) (in en). Northern Slaves: How the U.S. Brought Slavery to Minnesota (Speech). Historic Fort Snelling: Minnesota Historical Society. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jPvsM9wF8U.