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State of Minnesota
Flag of Minnesota
Anthem: Hail! Minnesota
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
Map of the United States with Minnesota highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMinnesota Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 11, 1858 (32nd)
CapitalSaint Paul
Largest cityMinneapolis
Largest metroMinneapolis–Saint Paul
 • GovernorTim Walz (DFL)
 • Lieutenant GovernorPeggy Flanagan (DFL)
LegislatureMinnesota Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsAmy Klobuchar (DFL)
Tina Smith (DFL)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
 • Total86,950 sq mi (225,163 km2)
 • Land79,610 sq mi (206,375 km2)
 • Water7,329 sq mi (18,990 km2)  8.40%
Area rank12th
1,200 ft (370 m)
Highest elevation2,301 ft (701 m)
Lowest elevation602[3] ft (183 m)
 • Total5,639,632
 • Rank22nd
 • Density68.9/sq mi (26.6/km2)
 • Density rank30th (2015 est.)
 • Median household income
$68,388 [4]
 • Income rank
 • Official languageNone
 • Spoken language
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MN
Trad. abbreviationMinn.
Latitude43° 30′ N to 49° 23′ N
Longitude89° 29′ W to 97° 14′ W
Minnesota State symbols
Flag of Minnesota.svg
The Flag of Minnesota.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Common loon
Butterfly Monarch
Fish Walleye
Flower(s) Pink-and-white lady's slipper
Tree Norway pine[7]

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Gemstone Lake Superior agate
Other Photograph: Grace

Route marker(s)
Minnesota Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Minnesota
Released in 2005

Lists of United States state insignia

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest of the United States of America. Part of the state has a border with the country of Canada.

The capital of Minnesota is Saint Paul. The largest city is Minneapolis. Over 3 million people live in the two cities and the suburbs that surround it, which are separated by the Mississippi River. They are known as the Twin Cities.

Before Minnesota was a state, indigenous peoples like the Dakota and the Ojibwe had lived there for a long time.[8] White people entered the area to trade for furs and gain land; they tried to push out the indigenous peoples, which led to a war.[8][9] The U.S. Army was sent in to fight the indigenous peoples, and the army officers brought many black slaves with them to their forts.[8]

Minnesota became a state on May 11, 1858; the army was still practicing slavery at the time.[9] It was the 32nd state in the United States of America. The name Minnesota is Dakota (a Native American language) for "sky-tinted water". Eagle Mountain is the highest point in Minnesota. The state bird is the Common Loon.

Minnesota has a humid continental climate. The winters in Minnesota are long and severe. Hence the state has a short growing season. During the summer, the south of the state is hot; the north is warm.

In the 1984 election, Minnesota was the only state that voted for Walter Mondale.

Related pages


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  3. "Lake Superior Water Levels" Archived August 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory. Updated daily.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". Retrieved May 14, 2019. 
  5. "QuickFacts Minnesota; UNITED STATES". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. February 18, 2020.,US/PST045219. Retrieved February 18, 2020. 
  6. "Minnesota State Demographic Center—Immigration & Language". Retrieved November 30, 2019. 
  7. "Minnesota State Tree—Red Pine (Norway Pine)". State Symbols USA. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Native Americans" (in en). Minnesota Historical Society. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Bachman, Walt (2013-10-18) (in en). Northern Slaves: How the U.S. Brought Slavery to Minnesota (Speech). Historic Fort Snelling: Minnesota Historical Society. 

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