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North Dakota

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State of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota State seal of North Dakota
Flag of North Dakota Seal
Nickname(s): Peace Garden State,
Roughrider State, Flickertail State
Motto(s): Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable;
Strength from the soil
Map of the United States with North Dakota highlighted
Official language English
Capital Bismarck
Largest city Fargo
Area Ranked 19th
 - Total 70,762 sq mi
(183,272 km2)
 - Width 210 miles (340 km)
 - Length 340 miles (545 km)
 - % water 2.4
 - Latitude 45°55′N to 49°00′N
 - Longitude 96°33′W to 104°03′W
Number of people Ranked 48th
 - Total 642,200
 - Density 9.30/sq mi  (3.592/km2)
Ranked 47th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point White Butte[1]
3,506 ft (1,069 m)
 - Average 1,903 ft  (580 m)
 - Lowest point Red River of the North[1]
750 ft (229 m)
Became part of the U.S. November 2, 1889 (39th)
Governor John Hoeven (R)
U.S. Senators Kent Conrad (D)
Byron Dorgan (D)
Time zones  
 - most of state Central: UTC-6/-5
 - southwest Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Abbreviations ND, US-ND

North Dakota is one of the United States. 642,200 people lived in North Dakota in the year 2000. The capital and seat of government is Bismarck.

Where is North Dakota?

North Dakota is south of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, east of Montana, north of South Dakota, and west of Minnesota. Manitoba and Saskatchewan are provinces - part of Canada. Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota are other states in the United States.


North Dakota is not close to any big bodies of water (oceans or seas). Because of this, temperatures in North Dakota are very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. In the summer, there are sometimes strong thunderstorms. These storms can have tornadoes and hail.


Statue of Sakakawea (Sacagawea), the Shoshone Native American woman who guided Lewis and Clark when they mapped the Missouri River

Before European people came, Native American people lived in the area now called North Dakota. One important tribe was the Mandan.

North Dakota was one of the last US states to be settled. (To have people go there to make homes and live.) On November 2, 1889, North Dakota (and South Dakota) became part of the United States.


Most of the economy is based on agriculture. The most important agricultural crops are durum, a type of wheat, which is grown all across the state. In the Red River Valley, there is more rain, and maize (corn) and sugar beets are grown as well. In the Badlands, there is less rain, and more cattle are raised than crops.

North Dakota has the only bank in the United States that is owned by the state. The Bank of North Dakota is where all of the money from all government agencies is held. Most banks in the United States are guaranteed by the FDIC (acronym for Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.) The FDIC guarantees that people will not lose money if a bank fails. But the Bank of North Dakota is insured by the state of North Dakota.

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