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North Dakota

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State of North Dakota
Flag of North DakotaOfficial seal of North Dakota
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Anthem: North Dakota Hymn
Map of the United States with North Dakota highlighted
Map of the United States with North Dakota highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodDakota Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 2, 1889 (39th or 40th)
Largest cityFargo
Largest metroFargo metropolitan area
 • GovernorDoug Burgum (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorBrent Sanford (R)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJohn Hoeven (R)
Kevin Cramer (R)
U.S. House delegationKelly Armstrong (R) (list)
 • Total70,761 sq mi (183,843 km2)
 • Land59,708 sq mi (169,571 km2)
 • Water1,726 sq mi (4,435 km2)  2.4%
Area rank19th
1,900 ft (580 m)
Highest elevation3,606 ft (1,069 m)
Lowest elevation864 ft (216 m)
 • Total762,062
 • Rank47th
 • Density10.73/sq mi (4.13/km2)
 • Density rank47th
 • Median household income
$61,843 [3]
 • Income rank
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Time zones
most of stateUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
southwestUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-ND
Trad. abbreviationN.D., N.Dak., Nodak
Latitude45° 56′ N to 49° 00′ N
Longitude96° 33′ W to 104° 03′ W
North Dakota State symbols
Flag of North Dakota.svg
The Flag of North Dakota.

State Seal of North Dakota.svg
The Seal of North Dakota.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Western meadowlark
Fish Northern pike
Flower(s) Wild prairie rose
Grass Western wheatgrass
Insect Western honeybee
Mammal(s) Nokota horse
Tree American Elm

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Square dance Line dance
Fossil Teredo petrified wood
Other Chokecherry (state fruit)

Route marker(s)
North Dakota Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of North Dakota
Released in 2006

Lists of United States state insignia

North Dakota is a state in the United States. 672,591 people lived in North Dakota in the year 2010. The capital and seat of government is Bismarck and the largest city is Fargo.


North Dakota is south of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, east of Montana, north of South Dakota, and west of Minnesota. Manitoba and Saskatchewan are provinces - part of Canada. Montana, South Dakota, and Minnesota are other states in the United States.


North Dakota is not close to any big bodies of water (oceans or seas). Because of this, temperatures in North Dakota are very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. In the summer, there are sometimes strong thunderstorms. These storms can have tornadoes and hail.


Statue of Sakakawea (Sacagawea), the Shoshone Native American woman who guided Lewis and Clark when they mapped the Missouri River

Before European people came, Native American people lived in the area now called North Dakota. One important tribe was the Mandan.

North Dakota was one of the last US states to be settled. (To have people go there to make homes and live.) On November 2, 1889, North Dakota (and South Dakota) became part of the United States.


Most of the economy is based on agriculture. The most important agricultural crops are durum, a type of wheat, which is grown all across the state. In the Red River Valley, there is more rain, and maize (corn) and sugar beets are grown as well. In the Badlands, there is less rain, and more cattle are raised than crops.

North Dakota has the only bank in the United States that is owned by the state. The Bank of North Dakota is where all of the money from all government agencies is held. Most banks in the United States are guaranteed by the FDIC (acronym for Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.) The FDIC guarantees that people will not lose money if a bank fails. But the Bank of North Dakota is insured by the state of North Dakota.

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