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|State of Montana|
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
|Before statehood||Montana Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||November 8, 1889 (41st)|
|Largest metro||Billings metropolitan area|
|• Governor||Greg Gianforte (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Kristen Juras (R)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Jon Tester (D)|
Steve Daines (R)
|U.S. House delegation||Matt Rosendale (R) (list)|
|• Total||147,040 sq mi (380,800 km2)|
|• Land||145,552 sq mi (145,552 square miles (376,980 km2) km2)|
|• Water||1,491 sq mi (3,862 km2) 1%|
|Elevation||3,400 ft (1,040 m)|
|Highest elevation||12,807 ft (3,903.5 m)|
|Lowest elevation||1,804 ft (557 m)|
|• Density||7.09/sq mi (2.73/km2)|
|• Density rank||48th|
|• Median household income||$53,386 |
|• Income rank||38th|
|• Official language||English|
|Time zone||UTC−07:00 (Mountain)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−06:00 (MDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-MT|
|Latitude||44° 21′ N to 49° N|
|Longitude||104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W|
|The Flag of Montana.|
|The Seal of Montana.|
|Fish||Westslope cutthroat trout|
|Slogan(s)||Big Sky Country|
|Released in 2007|
|Lists of United States state insignia|
Montana is a state in the United States. Its capital is Helena, and the largest city is Billings. Montana has many mountains in the western half of the state. Most of the eastern part of the state is prairie.
Montana and Canada share a 545-mile (877-km) part of the world's longest undefended (which means there are no soldiers or armies on either side) border. The state borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other U.S. state.
The first people to settle in Montana were Native Americans.
Famous Montana people
- Former Senate Majority Leader and Ambassador to Japan Mike Mansfield
- Jeanette Rankin, first female member of US Congress
- Burton K. Wheeler, a progressive senator who was Robert LaFollette´s running mate in the 1924 presidential election
- Film director David Lynch, four-time Academy Award nominee
- Lones Wigger, three-time Olympic medal winner and who at one point held 29 world records
- Phil Jackson, born in Deer Lodge, Montana, won NBA titles eleven times
- Katie Blair, model, actress and winner of multiple beauty pageants
- Jerry Kramer of the Green Bay Packers
- Charles Lindbergh, political activist
At one point, Montana was liberal in federal elections and conservative in state elections. Today, the opposite is true. Although Montana is very conservative in presidential elections (it has not voted for a Democrat since 1964), it is more liberal than most states in the upper Rocky Mountains region. As one example of this, Montana is represented by one Democrat and one Republican in the Senate. There are no Democratic senators from Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota or South Dakota. The Montana House of Representatives, which has 100 members, includes 58 Republicans and 42 Democrats, making it more liberal than any state legislature in Wyoming or Idaho.
- "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41 (Table 18). https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-1.pdf. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "Area of Montana Counties". Montana.gov. http://geoinfo.msl.mt.gov/geography/geography_facts/area_of_montana_counties.aspx. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
- National Geodetic Survey 2008.
- Geological Survey 2001.
- "Median Annual Household Income". http://kff.org/other/state-indicator/median-annual-income/?currentTimeframe=0. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- James, Jesse. "Famous People Born in Montana" (in en). https://xlcountry.com/five-of-the-most-famous-people-born-in-montana/.
- "44 notable, famous and infamous people who have called Montana home" (in en). https://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/44-notable-famous-and-infamous-people-who-have-called-montana-home/collection_bba8c888-fb23-5e2c-9f6c-900f3866071b.html.