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State of Idaho
Flag of Idaho State seal of Idaho
Flag of Idaho Seal
Nickname(s): Gem State
Motto(s): Esto perpetua
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
Official language None
Capital Boise
Largest city Boise
Area Ranked 14th
 - Total 83,642 sq mi
(216,632 km2)
 - Width 305 miles (491 km)
 - Length 479 miles (771 km)
 - % water 0.98
 - Latitude 42° N to 49° N
 - Longitude 111° W to 117° W
Number of people Ranked 40th
 - Total 1,567,582[1]
 - Density 19.0/sq mi  (7.2/km2)
Ranked 46th
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Borah Peak[2]
12,662 ft (3,862 m)
 - Average 5,000 ft  (1,524 m)
 - Lowest point Snake River[2]
710 ft (217 m)
Became part of the U.S. July 3, 1890 (43rd)
Governor Butch Otter (R)
U.S. Senators James Risch (R)
Mike Crapo (R)
Time zones  
 - north of Salmon River Pacific: UTC−8/−7
 - remainder Mountain: UTC 7/ 6
Abbreviations ID, US-ID

Idaho is a state in the United States. Its capital and biggest city is Boise. Idaho potatoes are famous around the country.

Idaho became a state in 1890. Its current Governor is Butch Otter. It is the 11th largest state in land area. The population of Idaho is estimated at 1,523,816 by the United States Census Bureau in 2008.

Idaho is bordered by Washington on the west, Montana on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. The climate in Idaho can sometimes be hot, reaching up to 100 °F. Humidity is normally low with cooler evenings in summer months. In winter, temperatures normally drop to lower twenty's, upper teens. Sometimes, the temperature drops to several degrees below zero.

Idaho's state motto is Esto perpetua. This is Latin for "Let it be forever".

Important cities and towns

Population > 100,000 (city area)

Population > 50,000 (city area)

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