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|State of Idaho|
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|Anthem: "Here We Have Idaho"|
|Before statehood||Oregon Territory, Washington Territory, Idaho Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||July 3, 1890 (43rd)|
(and largest city)
|• Governor||Brad Little (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Janice McGeachin (R)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Mike Crapo (R) |
Jim Risch (R)
|U.S. House delegation||1. Russ Fulcher (R) |
2. Mike Simpson (R) (list)
|• Total||83,557 sq mi (216,443 km2)|
|• Water||926 sq mi (2,398 km2) .99%|
|Elevation||5,000 ft (1,520 m)|
|12,662 ft (3,859 m)|
|738 ft (217 m)|
|• Density||21.6/sq mi (8.33/km2)|
|• Density rank||44th|
|• Median household income||$52,225|
|• Income rank||41st|
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|• Official language||English|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−06:00 (MDT)|
|Idaho Panhandle||UTC−08:00 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−07:00 (PDT)|
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|ISO 3166 code||US-ID|
|Latitude||42° N to 49° N|
|Longitude||111°03′ W to 117°15′ W|
|The Flag of Idaho.|
|The Seal of Idaho.|
|Amphibian||Tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)|
|Fish||Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)|
|Flower(s)||Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii)|
|Insect||Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)|
|Tree||Western white pine (Pinus monticola)|
|Fossil||Hagerman horse (Equus simplicidens)|
|Released in 2007|
|Lists of United States state insignia|
Idaho became a state in 1890, and it is the 11th largest state in land area, and the 14th largest in total area (land and water). Despite this, the population of Idaho was estimated at only 1,787,065 by the United States Census Bureau in 2019, making it ranked the 39th largest state by population.
Idaho is bordered by Washington and Oregon on the west, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. Idaho is known for its vast mountainous landscapes, and it is literally covered from north to south by the Rocky Mountains. Idaho is also home to the massive Snake River, which comes from the Grand Tetons in Wyoming and eventually flows to meld with the Columbia River in Washington state. This river dissects Hell's Canyon, the deepest gorge in America, which lies the state's Oregon border, and flows through south central Idaho. This river provides a fertile plain which is the base for most of the state's agricultural industries, and the production of the potatoes for which Idaho is known. Idaho's state nickname is the "Gem State", despite also being known as the "Spud State", because of a man named George M. Willing who claimed it was derived from a Shoshone term.
Cities and towns
Population > 100,000 (city area)
Population > 50,000 (city area)
Population > 30,000 (city area)
Population > 10,000 (city area)
Smaller Towns and Cities
History of Idaho
Idaho was formerly Idaho Territory, until July 27, 1890, when it became the 43rd state. In the 1930s, Idaho suffered a lot economically as as a result of the Great Depression. Prices plummeted for Idaho's major crops: in 1932, a bushel of potatoes was worth only ten cents compared to $1.51 in 1919, while Idaho farmers´ annual income of $686 in 1929 fell to just $250 by 1932.
Today, Idaho is a very conservative state. In the 2016 election, just two counties in Idaho supported Hillary Clinton. Idaho as a whole last voted Democratic in 1964, and that by a narrow margin of less than 2 percent. Both of Idaho's senators (Jim Risch and Mike Crapo) are Republican.
- "Facts & Symbols". State of Idaho. https://www.idaho.gov/about-idaho/facts-symbols/. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
- "Median Annual Household Income". http://kff.org/other/state-indicator/median-annual-income/?currentTimeframe=0.
- "Idaho Statutes (73-121)". State of Idaho. 2017. https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/title73/t73ch1/sect73-121/.
- "Idaho becomes 43rd state—Jul 03, 1890—HISTORY.com". HISTORY.com. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/idaho-becomes-43rd-state. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
- "Geography of Idaho - World Atlas". https://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/usstates/idland.htm.
- "Hells Canyon Overview". December 6, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20101206120003/http://www.fs.fed.us/hellscanyon/overview/index.shtml.
- Doyle, Randall (2004). A political dynasty in North Idaho, 1933-1967. University Press. p. 7.
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