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State of Idaho
Flag of IdahoOfficial seal of Idaho
Anthem: "Here We Have Idaho"
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodOregon Territory, Washington Territory, Idaho Territory
Admitted to the UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
(and largest city)
Largest metroBoise
 • GovernorBrad Little (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorJanice McGeachin (R)
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. House delegation1. Russ Fulcher (R)
2. Mike Simpson (R) (list)
 • Total83,557[1] sq mi (216,443 km2)
 • Water926 sq mi (2,398 km2)  .99%
Area rank14th
5,000 ft (1,520 m)
Highest elevation
(Mt. Borah[1])
12,662[1] ft (3,859 m)
Lowest elevation
(Lewiston, ID[1])
738[1] ft (217 m)
 • Total1,839,106
 • Rank38th
 • Density21.6/sq mi (8.33/km2)
 • Density rank44th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageEnglish[3]
Time zones
primaryUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Idaho PanhandleUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-ID
Latitude42° N to 49° N
Longitude111°03′ W to 117°15′ W
Idaho State symbols
Flag of Idaho.svg
The Flag of Idaho.

Seal of Idaho.svg
The Seal of Idaho.

Animate insignia
Amphibian Tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
Fish Cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)
Flower(s) Syringa (Philadelphus lewisii)
Insect Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
Tree Western white pine (Pinus monticola)

Inanimate insignia
Dance Square dance
Fossil Hagerman horse (Equus simplicidens)
Gemstone Star garnet
Soil Threebear

Route marker(s)
Idaho Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Idaho
Released in 2007

Lists of United States state insignia

Idaho is a state in the northwestern United States, and the 43rd admittance to the union.[4]

Idaho became a state in 1890, and it is the 11th largest state in land area, and the 14th largest in total area (land and water). Despite this, the population of Idaho was estimated at only 1,787,065 by the United States Census Bureau in 2019, making it ranked the 39th largest state by population.

Idaho is bordered by Washington and Oregon on the west, Montana and Wyoming on the east, Utah and Nevada on the south and the country of Canada (British Columbia) on the north side. Idaho is known for its vast mountainous landscapes, and it is literally covered from north to south by the Rocky Mountains.[5] Idaho is also home to the massive Snake River, which comes from the Grand Tetons in Wyoming and eventually flows to meld with the Columbia River in Washington state.[5] This river dissects Hell's Canyon, the deepest gorge in America,[6] which lies the state's Oregon border, and flows through south central Idaho. This river provides a fertile plain which is the base for most of the state's agricultural industries,[5] and the production of the potatoes for which Idaho is known. Idaho's state nickname is the "Gem State", despite also being known as the "Spud State", because of a man named George M. Willing who claimed it was derived from a Shoshone term.

Idaho's most prominent universities are Boise State University in its capital, Idaho State University in Pocatello, and the University of Idaho in Moscow.

Idaho's state motto is Esto perpetua, which is Latin for "Let it be forever".

Cities and towns

Population > 100,000 (city area)

Population > 50,000 (city area)

Population > 30,000 (city area)

Population > 10,000 (city area)

Smaller Towns and Cities

History of Idaho

Idaho was formerly Idaho Territory, until July 27, 1890, when it became the 43rd state. In the 1930s, Idaho suffered a lot economically as as a result of the Great Depression. Prices plummeted for Idaho's major crops: in 1932, a bushel of potatoes was worth only ten cents compared to $1.51 in 1919, while Idaho farmers´ annual income of $686 in 1929 fell to just $250 by 1932.[7]


Today, Idaho is a very conservative state. In the 2016 election, just two counties in Idaho supported Hillary Clinton. Idaho as a whole last voted Democratic in 1964, and that by a narrow margin of less than 2 percent. Both of Idaho's senators (Jim Risch and Mike Crapo) are Republican.

Related pages


Coordinates: 44°21′03″N 114°36′47″W / 44.3509°N 114.6130°W / 44.3509; -114.6130 (State of Idaho)