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Chōwa (長和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Kankō and before Kannin. This period started in December 1012 and ended in April 1017. The reigning emperors were Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇) and Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Events of the Chōwa era
- 1012 (Chōwa 1, 8th month): Emperor Sanjō marries a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. Michinaga was the kampuku in the court hierarchy.
- 1016 (Chōwa 4, 11th month): A great fire broke out in the Imperial palace; and it was reduced to cinders.
- 10 March 1016 (Chōwa 5, 29th day of the 1st month): In the 5th year of Emperor Sanjō's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a cousin. Soon after, Emperor Go-Ichijō's role as monarch was confirmed in ceremonies (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chōwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 124.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 154-155; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 307; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 195.
- Titsingh, p. 155.
- Titsingh, pp. 155-156; Brown, 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-23.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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