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City designated by government ordinance

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City designated by government ordinance (政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi?), also known as a designated city (指定都市 shitei toshi?) or government ordinance city (政令市 seirei shi?), is a defined class or category of Japanese cities. It is a local administrative division created by the national government. These cities all have a population over 500,000 people.[1]


The designated cites or ordinance cities were created because of the Local Autonomy Law of Japan. Each city does many of the things normally done by prefectures.[1]


Cities designated by government ordinance recognized starting in 1956.[2] There are 20+ of these cities, including

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Related pages

Administrative divisions of Japan



  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12, "Local self-government," p. 3; retrieved 2012-12-2.
  2. Jacobs, A.J. "Japan's Evolving Nested Municipal Hierarchy: The Race for Local Power in the 2000s," Urban Studies Research, (2011); doi:10.1155/2011/692764; retrieved 2012-12-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Jacobs, Table 1; retrieved 2012-12-18.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Buhnik, Sophie. "From Shrinking Cities to Toshi no Shukushō: Identifying Patterns of Urban Shrinkage in the Osaka Metropolitan Area," Berkeley Planning Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1 (2001), p. 135 [PDF 4 of 24]; retrieved 2012-12-2.

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