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County Armagh

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Contae Ard Mhacha
Coontie Airmagh / Armagh
Coat of arms of County Armagh
Coat of arms
Location of County Armagh
Country United Kingdom
Region Northern Ireland
Province Ulster
County town Armagh
 • Total 512 sq mi (1,326 km2)
Area rank 27th

Contae Ard Mhacha is the Irish name; Coontie Armagh[1] and Coontie Airmagh[2] are Ulster Scots spellings.

County Armagh is one of six counties that together make up Northern Ireland. It is also one of the 32 counties of Ireland. County Armagh lies in the north-east of the island of Ireland. The county is 1,326 km²[3] big. About 174,792 people live there.

The county is named after the town Armagh. The name "Armagh" derives from the Irish word Ard meaning "high place" and Macha. In stories, Macha is a goddess of Ireland. Armagh was the main town for the historic Ulaid kings of Ulster.


The landscape has hills in the south. Slieve Gullion is the highest mountain. It goes down from there and becomes flatter with small hills called drumlins in the middle and the west. It is fairly flat in the north, and is at sea level at Lough Neagh. There are a few small islands in the lake.


Ancient Armagh was the territory of the Ulaid people before the year 400. The Red Branch ruled the county. Their capital was a fort called Emain Macha near Armagh. The Red Branch play an important role in the stories in the Ulster Cycle. They are also part of the story the "Cattle Raid of Cooley".

Armagh was the Roman Catholic home of Saint Patrick.

The Troubles

South Armagh is mostly nationalist. This means that there is a lot of support for the IRA there.

Main towns


Baronies are old divisions of Ireland. Below is a list of the baronies in County Armagh.

The Baronies of County Armagh (1900)


The M1 near Lurgan

Two major highways run through County Armagh. The M1 links Belfast to Dungannon in the north of the county. The A1/N1 from Belfast to Dublin runs in the far south east. Armagh has lots of local roads connecting the towns and villages.

There used to be many railways in County Armagh, but at the moment there are only a few stations left.

Ulsterbus is the bus company that runs most public transport in the county. It includes buses from most towns to Belfast. Railway companies Northern Ireland Railways and Iarnród Éireann together run the Enterprise service. It has trains that go to Dublin (about an hour) and Belfast (about forty minutes) a few times daily.

Inland waterways

The Ulster Canal and the Newry Canal run through County Armagh. The canals are not fully open for boats to use.

People associated with County Armagh

Places of interest


Other websites

Coordinates: 54°21′00″N 6°39′17″W / 54.3499°N 6.6546°W / 54.3499; -6.6546