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Deuteronomy is a book in the Bible. It is the last of the five books of Moses, meaning it deals with Moses, the Israelites and their ancestors, and their relationship with God. It is part of the Torah. The Hebrew name of the book is Dbariym, which mean 'people of the Word.'
The book begins with the words Moses spoke to the Israelites in wilderness east of the Jordan. He told them that they had been very rebellious towards God, so God made them travel from place to place before reaching the land he promised them. This was then the fortieth year they travel.
Moses told the Israelites what had happened throughout their journey. He scolded them for disobeying God, who made them go through a very hard journey. Moses then gave them the Law, teaching them what must be done, and what cannot be done. These laws were given to him by God. (See Ten Commandments) The Law warns against worshipping other gods, and tells that all Israel, every one, must obey God alone. He warned them against worshipping idols, and commanded them to treat the poor, the foreigner and the orphans well. If the Israelites obey God, they will prosper. But God predicted that the future generations will suffer because of their disobedience. One day, however the Israelites would return to God.
God then commanded Moses to write the Law on stone tablets for the Israelites to remember. Then Moses formally made Joshua, son of Nun, the new leader over the Israelites. God gave Moses a song to sing, and asked him to teach it to the Israelites. The song would remind them how they have gone against God in the future.
The death of Moses
Moses was very old - 120 years - during that time. He knew he was going to die because God had told him it will happen. Therefore before he died, he gave a blessing to all the twelfth tribes of Israel.
Finally God made Moses climb Mount Nebo and showed him all the land he is giving to Israel. Because Moses and his brother Aaron disobeyed God earlier on, Moses was not allowed to enter the land but just to see it. Moses died on Mount Nebo, and the Israelites mourned for him for thirty days. After that Joshua began to lead Israel under God's command.
- Book of Deuteronomy article (Jewish Encyclopedia)
- Teacher's Guide to Teaching Deuteronomy
- Dealing with Deuteronomy, Or, a Treaty Poorly Treated
- Deuteronomy by Rob Bradshaw
- "Deuteronomy 32:8 and the Sons of God", Michael S. Heiser, Bibliotheca Sacra 158 (January-March 2001)
Versions and translations
- Jewish translations:
- Deuteronomy at Mechon-Mamre (modified Jewish Publication Society translation)
- Deuteronomy (The Living Torah) Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan's translation and commentary at Ort.org
- Devarim - Deuteronomy (Judaica Press) translation with Rashi's commentary at Chabad.org
- דְּבָרִים Devarim - Deuteronomy (Hebrew - English at Mechon-Mamre.org)
- Christian translations: