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Famine is a situation where most people don't have enough food to eat. Without food, the human body grows weaker and weaker until the person becomes very sick or dies. See malnutrition. In poor countries, such as in parts of Africa, famine can be common.
- 1816, the Year without a Summer was caused by Mount Tambora erupting. Tens of thousands died.
- The great Irish famine lasted from 1846 to 1849 in Ireland. It was caused by Phytophthora infestans which is a kind of water mould. It killed potatoes, one of the main crops of Ireland at the time.
- In the Holodomor, about 7 million of people starved to death in the Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 as the Soviet Union government looked on.
- The Great Leap Forward killed a few tens of millions of Chinese, in what was probably the biggest famine in history.