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Federated States of Micronesia

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Federated States of Micronesia

Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia
Location of the Federated States of Micronesia
6°55′N 158°11′E / 6.917°N 158.183°E / 6.917; 158.183
Ethnic groups
  • 48.8% Chuukese
  • 24.2% Pohnpeian
  • 6.2% Kosraean
  • 5.2% Yapese
  • 4.5% Outer Yapese
  • 1.8% Asian
  • 1.5% Polynesian
  • 6.4% other
  • 1.4% unknown
GovernmentFederated parliamentary republic under a non-partisan democracy
• President
David Panuelo
Yosiwo P. George
from the United States
November 3, 1986
• Total
702 km2 (271 sq mi) (177th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
104,937[2] (192nd)
• Density
158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$310 million
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$277 million
• Per capita
Gini (2000)61.1[3]
very high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.638[4]
medium · 127th
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
Time zoneUTC+10 and +11
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Date formatMM/DD/YYYY
Driving sideright
Calling code+691
ISO 3166 codeFM
  1. Regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

Micronesia, officially the Federated States of Micronesia, is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. The country is a sovereign state in free association with the United States. The capital city of Federated States of Micronesia is Palikir.

The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration. In 1979, they adopted a constitution, and in 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on U.S. aid.

The Federated States of Micronesia is hundreds of small islands divided in seven territories in Micronesia. The term Micronesia may mean the Federated States or to the region as a whole. This area is in Oceania.


The first people here lived about 3000 years ago. Spain colonized the islands in 1886, but sold them to Germany 3 years later.[5][6]

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