Greek War of Independence

The Greek War of Independence (1821–1829), also commonly known as the Greek Revolution,[1] was a successful war by the Greeks who won independence for Greece from the Ottoman Empire. Muhammad Ali Pasha sent his son Ismail with an army and a fleet to help fight the Greeks and the Greek Christian revolutionaries asked for help from European Christians. A fleet of the United Kingdom, France and Russia destroyed the Ottoman-Egypt fleet in the Battle of Navarino. After a long and bloody struggle, independence was finally achieved, and confirmed by the Treaty of Constantinople in July 1832. The Greeks were thus the first of the Ottoman Empire's subject peoples to be accepted as an independent sovereign power.

Greek War of Independence
Part of Wars of Independence
Germanos blessing the flag at Agia Lavra. Oil painting, 1865.
Date1821 – 1829
The Balkans (mainly Greece) and the Aegean Sea.
Result Greek victory, establishment of the Kingdom of Greece.
Greece Greek revolutionaries
United Kingdom United Kingdom
France France
Russia Russian Empire
 Ottoman Empire
Egypt Egyptian Khedivate
Commanders and leaders
Greece Theodoros Kolokotronis
Greece Alexandros Ipsilantis
Greece Konstantinos Kanaris
Greece Georgios Karaiskakis
 Ottoman Empire Omer Vryonis
 Ottoman Empire Mahmud Dramali Pasha
 Ottoman Empire Reşid Mehmed Pasha
Egypt Ibrahim Pasha.
Casualties and losses
300 4,285

Greek War Of Independence Media


  1. Greek: Ελληνική Επανάσταση Elliniki Epanastasi; Ottoman Turkish: يؤنان ئسياني , Yunan İsyanı


  • Finlay, George (1877). A History of Greece (Edited by H. F. Tozer). London.
  • Finlay, George (1861). History of Greek Revolution. London.
  • Gordon, Thomas (1844). History of the Greek Revolution. London.
  • Paroulakis, Peter H. (2000). The Greek War of Independence. Hellenic International Press. ISBN 978-0959089417.
  • St. Clair, William (1972). That Greece Might Still Be Free - The Philhellenes in the War of Independence. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0192151940.

Other websites