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|Population Density:||109.90 per km²|
Holguín is one of the provinces of Cuba, the second most populous after Ciudad de la Habana. It lies in the southeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguín (the capital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa.
The province has a population of slightly over one million people. Its territory extends over more than 9300 km², 25 percent of which are covered by forest.
The Holguín province was established in 1978, when it was split from the Oriente region.
General Calixto García (1839-1898), independence wars patriot
Commander in Chief Fidel Castro (1926), lawyer, President of Cuba.
Army General Raúl Castro (1931), minister of the Revolutionary Army Forces and Vice-President of Cuba.
At Moa, there is a huge cobalt processing plant with shipping facilities, that was constructed with the help of foreign aid[source?], much of it from Canada. There are chrome, nickel, iron and steel plants dotted throughout the province as well.
Holguín is divided into 14 municipalities:
- Frank País (Cayo Mambí)
- Rafael Freyre
- Sagua de Tánamo
- Urbano Noris