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Hong Kong Polytechnic University
|The Hong Kong Polytechnic University|
|Motto in English||To learn and to apply, for the benefit of mankind|
|Established||1937, as Government Trade School|
1947, as Hong Kong Technical College
1972, as Hong Kong Polytechnic
1994, granted university status
|Chancellor||Chief Executive of Hong Kong|
(Current officeholder: Carrie Lam)
|Location||Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong|
9.46 hectares (0.0946 km2)
|Colours||Red and Grey|
|Hong Kong Polytechnic University|
The university teaches 220 postgraduate, undergraduate and sub-degree programmes for more than 32,000 students every year. As of 2019, THE ranks the university 19th in Asia. QS ranks it 8th in young universities and 91st internationally.
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 4 Student life
- 5 Controversy
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 References
- 8 Other websites
Origins and establishment
The Government Trade School started in 1937 at Wood Road, Wan Chai. The school was the first public post-secondary technical institution in Hong Kong. After World War II, the school became the Hong Kong Technical College. It opened a new campus in Hung Hom in 1957.
In 1972, the Government Trade School became the Hong Kong Polytechnic was formally established. Its goal is to educate qualified workers. It gained full university status and changing its name to The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in 1994.
2019 police siege
File:Police Arrest Protesters at Hong Kong Polytechnic University.webmIn November 2019, protesters occupied the university as part of the 2019 Hong Kong protests. Students fought with the Hong Kong Police Force from 17 November to 19 November. On November 16th, police tried to enter the campus, but protesters kept them out with road blocks and petrol bombs. The police then blocked all exits from the university campus and asked all protesters inside to give up and come out. On November 18, the police shot 1,491 canisters of tear gas at protesters and shot 1,981 rubber bullets, bean bags, and sponge grenades. The university has been called a battleground. The university was later closed off by police, but protesters still escaped. More than 280 protesters were injured and more than 1,000 people were arrested.
PolyU's main campus is in Yau Tsim Mong District. It has mare than 20 buildings. Many buildings connect to each other. The campus has student hostels, a multi-purpose auditorium, sports, recreational and catering facilities, and a bookstore and banks. The Jockey Club Auditorium opened in 2000. Its balcony and main floor seats up to 1,084 people.
PolyU has many sports facilities, including: a swimming pool, 2 indoor sports grounds, a outdoor sports ground with basketball and soccer fields and jogging track, 2 outdoor tennis courts, and a joint-sports center.
The Jockey Club Innovation Tower is at the northeastern side of the university campus. This 15-story building has 15,000 square meters of floor area. It is for design education. The tower has exhibition areas, multi-functional classrooms and lecture halls, design studios and workshops, and a lounge. Zaha Hadid designed the tower.
Pao Yue-kong Library
The library started on 1 August 1972. There were two centers atHung Hom and Quarry Bay until 1976. They moved together into one building in 1976. The library was named after shipping entrepreneur and philanthropist Yue-Kong Pao in 1995.
In 2014, there were over 2.77 million of library holdings in total, with nearly 600,000 electronic resources. The six-storey library provides 3,900 study spaces and is equipped with a 24-hour study centre and audio-visual information areas.
PolyU started the Hong Kong Community College (HKCC) in 2001. It is a offers associate degree and higher diploma programs in arts, science, social sciences, business, health care, and design. HKCC classes are at the Hung Hom Bay and West Kowloon campuses.
Faculties and schools
The University has 8 faculties and schools. Students may study in more than 220 postgraduate, undergraduate and sub-degree programs. Service learning subjects are offered by 20 departments from all faculties and schools. They do many kinds of community service projects.
|Faculty of Applied Science and Textiles||Faculty of Business, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University|Faculty of Business||Faculty of Construction and Environment|
|Faculty of Engineering||Faculty of Health and Social Sciences||Faculty of Humanities|
|School of Design||School of Hotel and Tourism Management||College of Professional and Continuing Education (CPCE)|
There are several research centers at PolyU Each faculty or school has its own centers. Institutes for public policy research and sustainable urban development are run by the Areas of Excellence Committee. PolyU started the Aviation Services Research Centre with Boeing. PolyU also has The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel.
Important PolyU research projects include:
- Safety monitoring of high speed rail
- Eco-blocks (a construction material made from recycled glass and demolition waste)
- Electric vehicles
- Electronic “bat ears” for people with vision problems
- Nano-particles for purifying dirty water
- Organic photovoltaics and LEDs
- Tools and instruments used in space exploration
Reputation and rankings
World Rankings of PolyU
- QS "Top 50 Under 50" list of world's top young universities (2016/17): 7th in the world, 3rd in Hong Kong
- QS Asian University Rankings 2016/17: 6th in Asia, 5th in Hong Kong
- QS World University Rankings 2018: 95th in the world, 5th in Hong Kong
- Times Higher Education's World University Rankings 2017: 192nd in the world
- Times Higher Education's 150 Under 50 World University Rankings 2016: 27th in the world
- Times Higher Education's Asia University Rankings 2017: 17th in the Asia, 5th in Hong Kong
World Rankings of Faculties, Schools and Disciplines
|Faculty of Applied Science and Textiles||
|Faculty of Business||
|Faculty of Construction and Environment||
|Faculty of Engineering||
|Faculty of Humanities||
|School of Nursing||35th in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2018.|
|School of Design||
|School of Hotel and Tourism Management||
There are two student halls of residence buildings provided by the university, in Hung Hom Bay and Ho Man Tin. The university also has off-campus housing in Sham Shui Po, Mong Kok, and Tsim She Tsui.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Students’ Union (HKPUSU) is run by students. It is not controlled by the university administration. The HKPUSU helps full-time undergraduate students.
The university's faculty-led Student Discipline Committee, with the support of the university council chairman Lam Tai-fai, expelled one student and suspended another for one year because the students posted on the "Democracy Wall" bulletin board in 2018. The students' union managed the bulletin board then. The students had posted messages remembering the fourth anniversary of the "Umbrella Movement" democracy protests of 2014. They also said Hong Kong should be independent from the People's Republic of China. Two more students were ordered to do community service as punishment.
The students were not allowed to have help from lawyers. The committee saw video of the students shouting and knocking on doors. Some people said that the students had made negative comments, attacked a staff member, and damaged property. The students said they did not do any of those things. The students were all current or past leaders of school organizations. They are not allowed to appeal the decision 
Many pro-democracy groups protested the committee's decision. More than a dozen legislators and 19 student organisations protested. The Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union described the punishments as too hard. That union has more than 90,000 members.
- Kim Man Lui (2006, Ph.D. in Software Engineering) – Author, business, and professor at Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Politicians and public organization
- Leung Chun Ying (1974, Higher Diploma in Surveying) - Chief Executive of Hong Kong
- Chan Kam Lam (1971) - member (Kowloon East) of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong SAR
- Vivienne Tam - fashion designer
- Wong Kar-wai - film director
- Gigi Leung - singer, songwriter and actor
- Raman Hui - animator
- Paul Wong - composer, songwriter, singer and the lead guitarist of the band Beyond.
- Alice Mak - artist and cartoonist, mother of cartoon characters McMug and McDull
- Pinky Lai - designer of the original Porsche Boxster and Cayman
- "校訓、願景及使命 (Chinese)". HK Polytechnic U.. http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/tc/about_polyu/motto_vision_mission/index.html. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "Motto, Vision and Mission (Chinese)". HK Polytechnic U.. http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/about_polyu/motto_vision_mission/index.html. Retrieved 2014-07-17.
- "Four stages of development". HK Polytechnic U.. https://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/about_polyu/history/index.html. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
- "Facts and Figures". HK Polytechnic U.. https://www.polyu.edu.hk/irpo/facts_and_figures.php. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
- "About the Campus – The Hong Kong Polytechnc University". http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/about_polyu/facts_figures_development/polyu_campus/index.html. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- "The Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Identity Guidelines". Yale.edu. https://www2.polyu.edu.hk/Script/staff/cpa/Identity_Guidelines/Ch-3.html. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
- "Asia University Rankings" (in en). 2019-04-26. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2019/regional-ranking.
- "QS Top 50 Under 50 2020" (in en). 2019-06-25. https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings-articles/top-50-under-50-next-50-under-50/qs-top-50-under-50-2020.
- Wong, Edward; Ives, Mike; Mays, Tiffany; Li, Katherine (17 November 2019). "Hong Kong Violence Escalates as Police and Protesters Clash at University". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/17/world/asia/hong-kong-protests-chinese-soldiers.html. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- Moritsugu, Ken (18 November 2019). "Hong Kong police battle protesters trying to escape arrest". AP News. https://apnews.com/1575c7c2ce5c4cc3a572741b1e806320. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- Pang, Jessie; Pomfret, James (17 November 2019). "Choking and crying, Hong Kong protesters pinned back on campus". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hong-kong-protests/hong-kong-police-seal-off-university-amid-fears-of-crackdown-idUSKBN1XR0O2. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "Hong Kong Polytechnic University: Protesters still inside as standoff continues". The BBC. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-50465337. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- Prescott, Katie. "Hong Kong: 'I was tear gassed getting my lunch'". The BBC. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-50438821. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
- "Hong Kong Polytechnic University: Protesters arrested as they run from campus". BBC. 18 November 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-50455727. Retrieved 18 November 2019. "...In the past week, Polytechnic University has turned into a "battleground" as the long-running Hong Kong protests become more violent...'"
- "At embattled Hong Kong university, a dramatic escape" (in en). 2019-11-18. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hongkong-protests-idUSKBN1XR0O2.
- "Hong Kong protests: 1,100 people arrested in a day, 3,900 petrol bombs found at university". Channel News Asia. 19 November 2019. https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asia/hong-kong-protests-people-arrested-petrol-bombs-cuhk-polyu-12107494. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
- "Yau Tsim Mong District". Electoral Affairs Commission. https://www.eac.hk/pdf/distco/maps/dc2015e.pdf. Retrieved 2019-08-30.
- "History". http://www.lib.polyu.edu.hk/. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
- "PolyU Campus". Hong Kong Polytechnic University. https://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/about_polyu/polyu_campus/index.html. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
- "Faculties, Schools & Departments - PolyU". https://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/about_polyu/structure_and_organization/faculties_schools_departments/index.html. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/sc/research/research_institutes_research_centres/index.html HKPU Research Website
- "About". http://www.asrc.hk/about.html. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "About HKRITA". Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20141209125027/http://www.hkrita.com/html/abouthkrita.php. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Impactful projects". http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/research/research_achievements/impactful_projects/index.html. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "QS University Rankings: Top 50 Under 50 2019". https://www.topuniversities.com/universities/hong-kong-polytechnic-university.
- "The UTD Top 100 Worldwide Business School Rankings Based on Research Contributions (All Journals)". http://jindal.utdallas.edu/the-utd-top-100-business-school-research-rankings/worldRankings#20122016.
- "A World Ranking of the Top 100 Hospitality and Tourism Programs". http://coppfs1.asu.edu/ls/evites/alist_student-piece/images/Journal%20of%20Hospitality%20and%20Tourism%20Research.pdf.
- PolyU chair backs action on students in Democracy Wall protest. Hong Kong Economic Journal. 4 March 2019. http://www.ejinsight.com/20190304-polyu-chair-backs-action-on-students-in-democracy-wall-protest/. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Hong Kong Student Is Expelled Over ‘Democracy Wall’ Protest. 2 March 2019. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-02/hong-kong-student-leader-expelled-over-news-bulletin-protest. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- Chan, Holmes (4 March 2019). Hong Kong Polytechnic University sees backlash after student expelled over ‘free speech’ protest. https://www.hongkongfp.com/2019/03/04/hong-kong-polytechnic-university-sees-backlash-student-expelled-free-speech-protest/. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
- Leung, Mimi (4 March 2019). Anger at punishment for students’ pro-independence posts. https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20190304132351800. Retrieved 10 March 2019.