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Flag of Indre-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Indre-et-Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Indre-et-Loire in France
Location of Indre-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 47°15′N 0°40′E / 47.250°N 0.667°E / 47.250; 0.667Coordinates: 47°15′N 0°40′E / 47.250°N 0.667°E / 47.250; 0.667
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureTours
SubprefecturesChinon, Loches
Government
 • PresidentJean-Gérard Paumier
Area
 • Total6,126.7 km2 (2,365.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total603,924
 • Density98.5725/km2 (255.3015/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-37
Arrondissements3
Cantons19
Communes273
WebsiteIndre-et-Loire Council

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre and the Loire rivers.

Its prefecture is the city of Tours.

History

Indre-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Tours as is capital. It was formed with part of the former province of Touraine.[4]

It was divided in seven districts: Tours, Amboise, Château-Renault, Loches, Chinon, Preuilly and Langeais.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into three arrondissements: Chinon, Loches and Tours.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Prussian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Loches was eliminated but in 1943 Loches was made again an arrondissement.[4]

Geography

Indre-et-Loire is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,126.7 km2 (2,366 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by 5 departments that are part of three regions:

The highest point of the department is Signal de la Ronde (47°16′40″N 01°14′34″E / 47.27778°N 1.24278°E / 47.27778; 1.24278 (Signal de la Ronde)) with an altitude of 186 m (610 ft) high.;[5] it is in the commune of Céré-la-Ronde in the northeast of the department on the border with the Loir-et-Cher department.

The Loire river flows through the department and divides it in two parts. The Indre, Cher and Vienne rivers join the Loire river in the Indre-et-Loire department.

Climate

This area is characterized by climates with few extremes of temperature. The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Tours is a "Marine West Coast Climate" and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Tours is 696 mm (27.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 71.1 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 43.2 mm (1.7 in).

The average temperature for the year in Toulon is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.8 °C (67.6 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 4.7 °C (40.5 °F).

Climate data for Tours, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.2
(41.4)
8.1
(46.6)
10.4
(50.7)
14.2
(57.6)
17.5
(63.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
7.8
(46)
5
(41)
11.79
(53.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
8.5
(47.3)
12.3
(54.1)
15.2
(59.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.8
(71.2)
16.8
(62.2)
10.9
(51.6)
7.5
(45.5)
16.09
(60.97)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
1.9
(35.4)
3.9
(39)
5.6
(42.1)
9.2
(48.6)
12.1
(53.8)
14
(57)
13.7
(56.7)
11.1
(52)
8.6
(47.5)
4.6
(40.3)
2.5
(36.5)
7.4
(45.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 66.2
(2.606)
55.8
(2.197)
50.3
(1.98)
55.8
(2.197)
62.3
(2.453)
46.1
(1.815)
53.2
(2.094)
42.5
(1.673)
53.2
(2.094)
70.9
(2.791)
68
(2.68)
71.3
(2.807)
695.6
(27.386)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

Indre-et-Loire is managed by the Departmental Council of Ardennes in Tours. The department is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 273 communes (municipalities) in Indre-et-Loire.[7]

Arrondissements of Indre-et-Loire
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
371 Chinon Chinon 86,952 1,694.2 51.3 106
372 Tours Tours 466,232 2,629.2 177.3 54
373 Loches Loches 50,740 1,803.4 28.1 113

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Indre-et-Loire department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Amboise (3701)
  2. Ballan-Miré (3702)
  3. Bléré (3703)
  4. Château-Renault (3704)
  5. Chinon (3705)
  6. Descartes (3706)
  7. Joué-lès-Tours (3707)
  8. Langeais (3708)
  9. Loches (3709)
  10. Montlouis-sur-Loire (3710)
  11. Monts (3711)
  12. Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire (3712)
  13. Sainte-Maure-de-Touraine (3713)
  14. Saint-Pierre-des-Corps (3714)
  15. Tours-1 (3715)
  16. Tours-2 (3716)
  17. Tours-3 (3717)
  18. Tours-4 (3718)
  19. Vouvray (3719)

Demographics

The inhabitants of the Indre-et-Loire department are known, in French, as Tourangeaux (women: Tourangelles),[11]

Indre-et-Loire had a population, in 2014, of 603,924,[2] for a population density of 98.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tours, with 466,232 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[9]

Evolution of the population in Indre-et-Loire <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:700000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2008 text:2008
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1968 from:0 till: 437870
 bar:1975 from:0 till: 478601
 bar:1982 from:0 till: 506097
 bar:1990 from:0 till: 529345
 bar:1999 from:0 till: 554003
 bar:2008 from:0 till: 585406
 bar:2014 from:0 till: 603924

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 437870 fontsize:S text: 437,870 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 478601 fontsize:S text: 478,601 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 506097 fontsize:S text: 506,097 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 529345 fontsize:S text: 529,345 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 554003 fontsize:S text: 554,003 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 585406 fontsize:S text: 585,406 shift:(-18,10)
bar:2014 at: 603924 fontsize:S text: 603,924 shift:(-18,10)

</timeline>

The communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Tours 136,125 Tours
Joué-lès-Tours 37,748 Tours
Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire 15,994 Tours
Saint-Pierre-des-Corps 15,538 Tours
Saint-Avertin 14,985 Tours
Amboise 13,371 Loches
Chambray-lès-Tours 11,109 Tours
Montlouis-sur-Loire 10,574 Tours
La Riche 10,434 Tours
Fondettes 10,427 Tours

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Le Président" (in French). Conseil Départemental d'Indre & Loire. https://www.touraine.fr/votre-conseil-departemental/lassemblee-departementale/le-president.html. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Département d’Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-37. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  3. "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique d'Indre-et-Loire" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/37his.html. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  5. "Signal de la Ronde, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9679. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  6. "Tours, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=126541&cityname=Tours%2C+Centre%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  7. "Département d’Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP37-indre-et-loire. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep37.pdf. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Département d’Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-37+ARR-371+ARR-372+ARR-373. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-179 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation de cantons dans le département d'Indre-et-Loire" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637288. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  11. "Habitants du départment: Indre-et-Loire (37)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/indre-et-loire-37. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 

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