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Loir-et-Cher




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Flag of Loir-et-Cher
Flag
Coat of arms of Loir-et-Cher
Coat of arms
Location of Loir-et-Cher in France
Location of Loir-et-Cher in France
Coordinates: 47°16′N 00°40′E / 47.267°N 0.667°E / 47.267; 0.667Coordinates: 47°16′N 00°40′E / 47.267°N 0.667°E / 47.267; 0.667
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureBlois
SubprefecturesVendôme, Romorantin-Lanthenay
Government
 • PresidentNicolas Perruchot
Area
 • Total6,343.4 km2 (2,449.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total333,567
 • Density52.5849/km2 (136.1942/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-41
Arrondissements3
Cantons15
Communes276
WebsiteOfficial website

Loir-et-Cher is a department in the centre of France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Loir and the Cher, two rivers that flow through the department.

Its prefecture is Blois and there are two subprefectures at Romorantin-Lanthenay and Vendôme.

History

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais together with small parts of other provinces.

The new department had six districts: Blois, Vendôme, Romorantin, Mondoubleau, Mer and Saint-Aignan. The capital (now prefecture) was Blois.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Blois, Romorantin and Vendôme.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Prussian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Romorantin was eliminated but in 1943 it was made again an arrondissement.[4] In 1961, Romorantin was merged with Lanthenay and the name, of the commune and of the arrondissement, was changed to Romorantin-Lanthenay.

Geography

Loir-et-Cher is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,343.4 km2 (2,449 sq mi).[2]

The highest point of the department is in the Bois des Vallèes (47°59′54″N 1°6′27″E / 47.99833°N 1.10750°E / 47.99833; 1.10750), in the commune of Bouffry, and that is 256 m (840 ft) above sea level.[5]

The department is bordered by the 6 departments in 2 regions:

The main rivers are:

  • Loire, that flows through the centre of the department. The city of Blois is along this river.
  • Loir, a left tributary of the Sarthe; it flows through the northern part of the department.
  • Cher, that flows through the southern part of the department. It is a left tributary of the Loire.
  • Sauldre, a right tributary of the Cher river.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Vendôme is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Vendôme is 604.5 mm (23.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).

The average temperature for the year in Vendôme is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Loir-et-Cher in Blois. Loir-et-Cher is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 276 communes (municipalities) in Loir-et-Cher.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
411 Blois Blois 173,125 2,238.9 77.3 94
412 Vendôme Vendôme 70,205 1,719.4 40.8 105
413 Romorantin-Lanthenay Romorantin-Lanthenay 90,237 2,385.2 37.8 77

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. La Beauce (4101)
  2. Blois-1 (4102)
  3. Blois-2 (4103)
  4. Blois-3 (4104)
  5. Chambord (4105)
  6. Montoire-sur-le-Loir (4106)
  7. Montrichard (4107)
  8. Onzain (4108)
  9. Le Perche (4109)
  10. Romorantin-Lanthenay (4110)
  11. Saint-Aignan (4111)
  12. Selles-sur-Cher (4112)
  13. La Sologne (4113)
  14. Vendôme (4114)
  15. Vineuil (4115)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Loir-et-Cher are known, in French, as Loir-et-Chériens (women: Loir-et-Chériennes).[11]

Loir-et-Cher has a population, in 2014, of 333,567,[3] for a population density of 52.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Blois, with 173,125 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Loir-et-Cher <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:350000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 267896
bar:1975 from:0 till: 283686
bar:1982 from:0 till: 296220
bar:1990 from:0 till: 305937
bar:1999 from:0 till: 314968
bar:2006 from:0 till: 325183
bar:2014 from:0 till: 333567

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 267896 fontsize:S text: 267,896 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 283686 fontsize:S text: 283,686 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 296220 fontsize:S text: 296,220 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 305937 fontsize:S text: 305,937 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 314968 fontsize:S text: 314,968 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 325183 fontsize:S text: 325,183 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 333567 fontsize:S text: 333,567 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Blois 46,351 Blois
Romorantin-Lanthenay 17,459 Romorantin-Lanthenay
Vendôme 16,879 Vendôme
Vineuil 7,638 Blois
Mer 6,197 Blois
Salbris 5,398 Romorantin-Lanthenay
Lamotte-Beuvron 4,767 Romorantin-Lanthenay
Selles-sur-Cher 4,661 Romorantin-Lanthenay
La Chaussée-Saint-Victor 4,489 Blois
Saint-Laurent-Nouan 4,305 Blois

Gallery

References

  1. "Le Président" (in French). Conseil Départemental de Loir-et-Cher. http://www.le-loir-et-cher.fr/votre-conseil-departemental/lassemblee-departementale/le-president/. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Loir-et-Cher (41) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-41. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de Loir-et-Cher" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/41his.html. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  5. "Bois des Vallèes, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9574. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  6. "Vendome, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=71401&cityname=Vendome%2C+Centre%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  7. "Département du Loir-et-Cher (41)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP41-loir-et-cher. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep41.pdf. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  9. "Département du Loir-et-Cher (41)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-41+ARR-411+ARR-412+ARR-413. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-213 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de Loir-et-Cher" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 27 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028655828. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  11. "Loir-et-Cher" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/loir-et-cher-41. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 

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