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Loiret



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Flag of Loiret
Flag
Coat of arms of Loiret
Coat of arms
Location of Loiret in France
Location of Loiret in France
Coordinates: 47°55′N 02°10′E / 47.917°N 2.167°E / 47.917; 2.167Coordinates: 47°55′N 02°10′E / 47.917°N 2.167°E / 47.917; 2.167
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureOrléans
SubprefecturesMontargis, Pithiviers
Government
 • PresidentHugues Saury
Area
 • Total6,775.2 km2 (2,615.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total669,737
 • Density98.8513/km2 (256.0236/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-45
Arrondissements3
Cantons21
Communes326
WebsiteOfficial website

Loiret is a department in north-central France in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It is named after the Loiret river, a tributary of Loire that is completely within the department.

Its prefecture is Orléans and there are two subprefectures: Montargis and Pithiviers.

History

The department is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. The department was created from part of the former province of Orléanais.

The new department had seven districts: Orléans, Beaugency, Neuville, Pithiviers, Montargis, Gien and Boiscommun. The capital (now prefecture) was Orléans.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Orléans, Gien, Montargis and Pithiviers.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Bavarian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gien and Pithiviers were eliminated but in 1942 Pithiviers became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography

Loiret is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has an area of 6,775.2 km2 (2,616 sq mi).[2]

The department is bordered by the 7 departments in 3 regions:

The highest point of the department is in the place called Col des Étourneaux (47°32′0″N 2°41′49″E / 47.53333°N 2.69694°E / 47.53333; 2.69694), in the commune of Pierrefitte-ès-Bois, and that is 273 m (896 ft) above sea level; it is in northwestern Massif Central.[5]

The main rivers are:

  • Loire, that flows through the department from the southeast to the west.
  • Loiret, a short tributary of the Loire and that gives its name to the department.
  • Loing, 142 km long.
  • Cosson, 96.4 km long.
  • Essonne, 97 km long.

There are several natural regions in the Loiret department:

  1. The Loire Valley, the valley around the Loire river.
  2. Beauce, to the northwest of the department; it is a limestone plateau and an important farming region where wheat is grown.
  3. Gâtinais, to the east around the city of Montargis.
  4. The Forêt d'Orléans ("Forest of Orléans"), the largest national forest of France; it is to the north of the Loire river and to the south of the Beauce region.
  5. Sologne, south of the Loire river.
  6. Berry (a small part), to the southeast.
  7. Puisaye, between the Berry and the Gâtinais.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Orléans is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Orléans is 599.4 mm (23.6 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 58.4 mm (2.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 38.1 mm (1.5 in).

The average temperature for the year in Orléans is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

Administration

The department is managed by the Departmental Council of the Loiret in Orléans. Loiret is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 21 cantons and 326 communes (municipalities) in Loiret.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
451 Montargis Montargis 170,781 2,631.3 64.9 126
452 Orléans Orléans 435,676 2,945.8 147.9 121
453 Pithiviers Pithiviers 63,280 1,198.1 52.8 79

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Beaugency (4501)
  2. Châlette-sur-Loing (4502)
  3. Châteauneuf-sur-Loire (4503)
  4. Courtenay (4504)
  5. La Ferté-Saint-Aubin (4505)
  6. Fleury-les-Aubrais (4506)
  7. Gien (4507)
  8. Lorris (4508)
  9. Malesherbes (4509)
  10. Meung-sur-Loire (4510)
  11. Montargis (4511)
  12. Olivet (4512)
  13. Orléans-1 (4513)
  14. Orléans-2 (4514)
  15. Orléans-3 (4515)
  16. Orléans-4 (4516)
  17. Pithiviers (4517)
  18. Saint-Jean-de-Braye (4518)
  19. Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle (4519)
  20. Saint-Jean-le-Blanc (4520)
  21. Sully-sur-Loire (4521)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Loiret are known, in French, as Loiretains (women: Loiretaines).[11]

Loiret has a population, in 2014, of 669,737,[3] for a population density of 98.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Orléans, with 435,676 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Loiret <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:700000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 430629
bar:1975 from:0 till: 490189
bar:1982 from:0 till: 535669
bar:1990 from:0 till: 580612
bar:1999 from:0 till: 618126
bar:2006 from:0 till: 645325
bar:2014 from:0 till: 669737

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 430629 fontsize:S text: 430,629 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 490189 fontsize:S text: 490,189 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 535669 fontsize:S text: 535,669 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 580612 fontsize:S text: 580,612 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 618126 fontsize:S text: 618,126 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 645325 fontsize:S text: 645,325 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 669737 fontsize:S text: 669,737 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Orléans 114,977 Orléans
Olivet 21,192 Orléans
Fleury-les-Aubrais 20,791 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-Braye 19,804 Orléans
Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle 16,415 Orléans
Saran 15,686 Orléans
Gien 14,617 Montargis
Montargis 13,997 Montargis
Amilly 12,672 Montargis
Châlette-sur-Loing 12,643 Montargis
La Chapelle-Saint-Mesmin 10,117 Orléans

Gallery

References

  1. "Hugues Saury" (in French). Département du Loiret. http://www.loiret.fr/saury-hugues-canton-d-olivet-98742.htm?RH=1402912165823. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Loiret (45) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-45. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique du Loiret" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/45his.html. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  5. "Loiret High Point, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9678. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  6. "Orleans, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=94270&cityname=Orleans%2C+Centre%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  7. "Département du Loiret (45)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP45-loiret. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep45.pdf. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  9. "Département du Loiret (45)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-45+ARR-451+ARR-452+ARR-453. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-244 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Loiret" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 1 March 2014. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028661402. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  11. "Loiret" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/loiret-45. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 

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