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Nièvre
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5
Country France
Region Burgundy
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Nevers
Subprefecture Château-Chinon
Clamecy
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • President of the General Council Patrice Joly
Area[1]
 • Total 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 218,341
 • Rank 87th
 • Density 32.0289/km2 (82.954/sq mi)
Demonym Nivernais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 32
Communes 312

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Burgundy region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.[3]

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography

Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Burgundy region. It has an area of 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 3 regions and 6 departments:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:[5]

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley. [1]

Administration

Nièvre is managed by the General Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Burgundy region.

Administrative divisions

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 32 cantons and 312 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 26,568   1,929   13.8 6 72
Clamecy Clamecy 25,927   1,464   17.7 6 93
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 45,020   1,403   32.1 7 64
Nevers Nevers 120,826   2,020   59.8 13 83

Cantons of the arrondissement of Château-Chinon (Ville)

Cantons of the arrondissement of Clamecy

Cantons of the arrondissement of Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire

Bridge over the Loire, at Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire.

Cantons of the arrondissement of Nevers

Demographics

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).[7]

Nièvre had a population, in 2011, of 218,341,[2] for a population density of 32.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 120,826 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:[8]

City Population
(2011)[8]
Arrondissement
Nevers 36,210 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,484 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,567 Nevers
Decize 5,733 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,118 Nevers

Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Chiffres-Clés". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/chiffres-cles/chiffres-cles.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. "Description de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58des.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58his.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  5. "Situation géographique de la Nièvre". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/situation-geographie/situation-geographique-de-la-nievre.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  6. "Nevers, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598834&cityname=Nevers%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. "Nièvre (58)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_nievre_58.html. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Nièvre" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep58.pdf. Retrieved 6 October 2014.

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