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Location of Côte-d’Or in France
|Département||4 March 1790|
|• President of the General Council||François Sauvadet|
|• Total||8,763 km2 (3,383 sq mi)|
|• Density||60.017/km2 (155.444/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-21|
Côte-d'Or (literally, "Slope of Gold", "Golden Slope") is a department in the eastern part of France. It is one of the 83 first French departments made during the French revolution and one of the four departments of the Burgundy region.
Côte-d'Or is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was formed from part of the old province of Burgundy. It was divided in seven districts: Arnay-le-Duc, Beaune, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Dijon, Is-sur-Tille, Saint-Jean-de-Losne and Semur-en-Auxois.
In 1926, the arrondissement of Montbard was made with the arrondissements of Châtillon-sur-Seine and Semur-en-Auxois.
Origin of name
Côte-d'Or is the only French department who was not named after a geographical feature: a river, a mountain, and so on. The name was chosen by Charles-André-Rémy Arnoult, member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789, who suggested the name, inspired by the golden hue that took the vineyards of the region in the autumn.
The highest point of the department is Mont de Gien, 723 m (2,372 ft) high; it is in the commune Ménessaire. The lowest point of the department, 174 m (571 ft) high, is where the river Saône leaves the department, in the commune Chivres.
A chain of hills called the Plateau de Langres runs from north-east to south-west through the department to the north of Dijon and continues south-westwards as the Côte d'Or escarpment, which takes its name from that of the department (without the hyphen). It is the south-east facing slope of this escarpment which is the site of the celebrated Burgundy vineyards. To the south-east of the plateau and escarpment, the department lies in the broad valley of the middle section of the river Saône.
The main rivers of Côte-d'Or are:
- The Seine, with its source in the southern end of the Plateau de Langres, in the commune Source-Seine.
- The Saône, an important tributary of the Rhône. It flows through several communes of the Côte-d'Or department and some of the tributaries are Vingeanne, Tille, Bèze and Ouche.
- The Arroux is a right tributary of the Loire.
The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).
In the Plateau de Langres, winters are long and cold with frequent frosts.
- Cantons of the arrondissement of Beaune
- Cantons of the arrondissement of Dijon
- Dijon 1st Canton
- Dijon 2nd Canton
- Dijon 3rd Canton
- Dijon 4th Canton
- Dijon 5th Canton
- Dijon 6th Canton
- Dijon 7th Canton
- Dijon 8th Canton
- Cantons of the arrondissement of Montbard
Côte d'Or has a population, in 2011, of 525,931, for a population density of 60.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Dijon, with 367,097 inhabitants, is by far the one with more inhabitants. The other two, Beaune and Montbard, have respectively 97,300 and 61,534 inhabitants.
- "France Departments". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Côte-d'Or (21)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_cote-dor_21.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Historique de la Côte-d'Or" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/21his.html. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
- "Côte-d'Or "la bien nommée"" (in French). Conseil General - Côte-d'Or. http://www.cotedor.fr/cms/page1567.html. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "A l'origine" (in French). Site des sources de la Seine et du village de Source Seine. http://www.source-seine.fr/jce/a-l-origine. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Dijon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8270&cityname=Dijon%2C+Burgundy%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2013" (in French) (pdf). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2012/pdf/ensemble.pdf. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Côte-d'Or" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep21.pdf. Retrieved 17 June 2014.