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Location of Jura in France
|• President of the General Council||Gérard Bailly|
|• Total||4,999 km2 (1,930 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,200 m (3,900 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||200 m (700 ft)|
|• Density||50.181/km2 (129.969/sq mi)|
Historically, Jura belonged to the Free County of Burgundy, known in French as the Free County. Dole was the capital until the region was conquered by Louis XIV. Louis XIV moved the capital to Besançon. It is now a sous-préfecture of Jura.
Jura is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Free County. The departments of Jura, Doubs, and Haute-Saône form the modern Free County region of France. The prefecture (capital) is Lons-le-Saunier.
The Jura mountains are wooded and rolling, not craggy and rocky like the Alps.
Many lakes can be found throughout the Jura. The largest natural lake is called Lac De Chalain. It is 3km long and 1km wide. Lac de Vouglans was formed after the building of a hydro-electric dam. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in France.
The climate of the Jura varies greatly by elevation. The lower valleys are temperate and pleasant, but the high mountain valleys have bitterly cold winters.
Jura is a wine-growing region. The Jura wines are very distinctive and unusual wines, such as vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to sherry. It develops under a flor of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay.
The Jura mountains provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, mountain biking and other winter sports.
- Cantons of the Jura department
- Communes of the Jura department
- Arrondissements of the Jura department
- (French) Prefecture website
- (French) General council website
- (French) Tourism website
- (English) Tourism Information