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Haute-Saône




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Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Haute-Saône in France
Haute-Saône in France
Coordinates: 47°35′N 06°00′E / 47.583°N 6.000°E / 47.583; 6.000Coordinates: 47°35′N 06°00′E / 47.583°N 6.000°E / 47.583; 6.000
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureVesoul
SubprefecturesLure
Government
 • PresidentYves Krattinger[1]
Area
 • Total5,360.1 km2 (2,069.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total238,347
 • Density44.4669/km2 (115.1687/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-70
Arrondissements2
Cantons17
Communes542
Websitewww.haute-saone.fr

Haute-Saône is a department in the east of France. It is in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Saône river and its capital (prefecture) is the city of Vesoul.

History

Haute-Saône is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790.[4] It was formed from part of the old province of Franche-Comté.

It was divided in six districts: Jussey, Luxeuil, Lure, Vesoul, Gray and Champlitte with the capital in Gray alternating with Vesoul. In 1794, only Gray remained as the capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into three arrondissements: Vesoul, Gray and Lure; the capital was moved from Gray to Vesoul.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gray was eliminated.[4]

Geography

Haute-Saône is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 5,360.1 km2 (2,070 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 6 other departments in two regions:

The main river in the department is the Saône, that flows through the department from northeast to southwest. The highest mountain in the department is Ballon de Servance (47°49′48″N 6°47′35″E / 47.83000°N 6.79306°E / 47.83000; 6.79306 (Ballon de Servance)), 1,216 m (3,990 ft) high;[5] it is in the commune Servance-Miellin.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Lure is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average temperature for the year in Lure is 9.4 °C (48.9 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 17.2 °C (63.0 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation (rainfall) for the year in Lure is 744.2 mm (29.30 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is August with 88.9 mm (3.50 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is March with an average of 43.2 mm (1.70 in).[6]

Administration

Haute-Saône is managed by the Departmental Council of Haute-Saône in Vesoul. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 542 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Saône.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
701 Lure Lure 108,725 1,848.3 58.8 195
702 Vesoul Vesoul 129,622 3,511.8 36.9 347

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Haute-Saône department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Dampierre-sur-Salon (7001)
  2. Gray (7002)
  3. Héricourt-1 (7003)
  4. Héricourt-2 (7004)
  5. Jussey (7005)
  6. Lure-1 (7006)
  7. Lure-2 (7007)
  8. Luxeuil-les-Bains (7008)
  9. Marnay (7009)
  10. Mélisey (7010)
  11. Port-sur-Saône (7011)
  12. Rioz (7012)
  13. Saint-Loup-sur-Semouse (7013)
  14. Scey-sur-Saône-et-Saint-Albin (7014)
  15. Vesoul-1 (7015)
  16. Vesoul-2 (7016)
  17. Villersexel (7017)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Haute-Saône are known, in French, as Haut-Saônois (women: Haut-Saônoises).[11]

Haute-Saône had a population, in 2014, of 238,347,[3] for a population density of 44.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Vesoul, with 129,622 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Haute-Saône <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:300000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 214176
bar:1975 from:0 till: 222254
bar:1982 from:0 till: 231962
bar:1990 from:0 till: 229650
bar:1999 from:0 till: 229732
bar:2006 from:0 till: 235864
bar:2014 from:0 till: 238347

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 214176 fontsize:S text: 214,176 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 222254 fontsize:S text: 222,254 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 231962 fontsize:S text: 231,962 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 229650 fontsize:S text: 229,650 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 229732 fontsize:S text: 229,732 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 235864 fontsize:S text: 235,864 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 238347 fontsize:S text: 238,347 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The cities with more than inhabitants in the department are:[8]

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Vesoul 15,212 Vesoul
Héricourt 9,967 Lure
Lure 8,324 Lure
Luxeuil-les-Bains 6,917 Lure
Gray 5,504 Vesoul
Champagney 3,797 Lure
Fougerolles 3,721 Lure
Saint-Loup-sur-Semouse 3,263 Lure
Échenoz-la-Méline 3,203 Vesoul
Port-sur-Saône 3,039 Vesoul

Gallery

References

  1. "Election du président du Conseil départemental" (in French). Conseil Départemental de la Haute-Saône. http://www.haute-saone.fr/web/guest/le-president2. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de la Haute-Saône (70)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-70. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Historique de la Haute-Saône" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/70his.html. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  5. "Ballon de Servance, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9624. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Lure, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=145541&cityname=Lure%2C+Franche-Comte%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  7. "Département de la Haute-Saône (70)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP70-haute-saone. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep70.pdf. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  9. "Département de la Haute-Saône (70)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-70+ARR-701+ARR-702. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-164 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Haute-Saône" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 22 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028626095. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  11. "Haute-Saône" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/haute-saone-70. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 

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