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Vesoul




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Vesoul

Coat of arms of Vesoul
Vesoul is located in France
Vesoul
Administration
Country France
Region Free County
Department Haute-Saône
Arrondissement Vesoul
Canton Vesoul-Est and Vesoul-Ouest
Intercommunality Vesoul
Mayor Alain Joyandet
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 213–375 m (699–1,230 ft)
(avg. 220 m/720 ft)
Land area1 9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)
Population2 19,404  (2010)
 - Density 2,139/km2 (5,540/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 70550/ 70000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Coordinates: 47°37′23″N 6°09′21″E / 47.623055°N 06.155833°E / 47.623055; 06.155833

Vesoul is a city in the Haute-Saône département in France. It is also the capital of that département. About 19.000 people lived in Vesoul in 2010.

Geography

The Haute-Saône is a rural department. It is unusual because the urban population is based around five towns: Vesoul, Gray, Héricourt, Lure and Luxeuil-les-Bains. Vesoul, the prefecture is not very important in terms of population. The Durgeon and Colombine rivers flow through the commune.

History

Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower. The document speaks about "Castrum Vesulium". Castrum is a fortification, and "Vesulium" has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts. Today, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle. Newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. Growing wine was popular. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a buffer state was created, with Vesoul as capital. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges and of Porrentruy.

Today, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul.

Culture

Monuments and tourist attractions

Library

The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé (abbot) Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, gave his book collection to the town. There were 1772 books. The collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries (people who led the French Revolution) took the books from the monasteries of the town (capucins) and even of the region (Luxeuil and Faverney monasteries). Around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayor's office was responsible for keeping the books.

In 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read. The library recently got computers. There are around 200 manuscripts and 150 incunables.

Twin towns

Vesoul is only twinned with one town:

Demography

Change in population
(Source : INSEE,[1] Ehess[2])
179318001806182118311836184118461851185618611866187218761881188618911896190119061911
530354175708539154085887678859416621728175797614771692069553973397701008397041016310539
Change in population
19211926193119361946195419621968197519821990199920062007
1047110859115621192611825120381367816352181731841217614171681637016329

References