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Préfecture du Doubs (façade sur jardin) (adjusted).jpg
Flag of DoubsCoat of arms
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Doubs in France
Doubs in France
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Département4 March 1790
SubprefecturesMontbéliard, Pontarlier
 • PresidentChristine Bouquin[1]
 • Total5,232.6 km2 (2,020.3 sq mi)
 • Total534,710
 • Density102.1882/km2 (264.666/sq mi)
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Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
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ISO 3166 codeFR-25

Doubs is a department in eastern France. It is in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the Doubs river.

The largest city in the department, and its prefecture (capital), is the city of Besançon.


Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Besançon as its capital.[4] It was formed from part of the old province of Franche-Comté.

It was divided in six districts: Besançon, Baume-les-Dames, Saint-Hippolyte, Pontarlier, Quingey and Ornans. In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Besançon, Baume-les-Dames, Pontarlier and Saint-Hippolyte. In 1816, the subprefecture of Saint-Hippolyte is moved to Montbéliard.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Baume-les-Dames was eliminated.[4]


Doubs is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 5,232.6 km2 (2,020 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 3 departments of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region (Jura, Haute-Saône and Territoire de Belfort) and 3 cantons of Switzerland (Vaud, Neuchâtel and Jura).

The Doubs department is partially on the Jura Mountains, mainly the eastern part of the department on the border with Switzerland. The highest point in the department is Mont d'Or (

Template-specific style sheet:

46°44′0″N 6°21′24″E / 46.73333°N 6.35667°E / 46.73333; 6.35667 (Mont d'Or)), 1,461 m (4,793 ft) high;[5] it is on the border between the communes Jougne and Longevilles-Mont-d'Or at about 20 km (12 mi) to the south of the city of Pontarlier. The lowest point is where the Ognon leaves the department, 200 m (660 ft) high.

The main rivers in the department are the Doubs, that gives its name to the department, the Ognon and the Loue (tributary of the Doubs).


The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Besançon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Marine West Coast Climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average temperature for the year in Besançon is 11 °C (52 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.9 °C (67.8 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.3 °C (36.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Besançon is 934.7 mm (36.80 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 106.7 mm (4.20 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 50.8 mm (2.00 in).[6]


Doubs is managed by the Departmental Council of Doubs in Besançon. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 578 communes (municipalities) in Saône-et-Loire.[7]

Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
251 Besançon Besançon 248,199 1,942.2 127.8 260
252 Montbéliard Montbéliard 176,670 1,255.7 140.7 169
253 Pontarlier Pontarlier 109,841 2,034.7 54.0 149

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Doubs department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

Template-specific style sheet:

  1. Audincourt (2501)
  2. Baume-les-Dames (2502)
  3. Bavans (2503)
  4. Besançon-1 (2504)
  5. Besançon-2 (2505)
  6. Besançon-3 (2506)
  7. Besançon-4 (2507)
  8. Besançon-5 (2508)
  9. Besançon-6 (2509)
  10. Bethoncourt (2510)
  11. Frasne (2511)
  12. Maîche (2512)
  13. Montbéliard (2513)
  14. Morteau (2514)
  15. Ornans (2515)
  16. Pontarlier (2516)
  17. Saint-Vit (2517)
  18. Valdahon (2518)
  19. Valentigney (2519)


The inhabitants of Doubs are known, in French, as Doubistes, or Doubiens (women: Doubiennes).[11]

Doubs had a population, in 2014, of 534,710,[3] for a population density of 102.2 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Besançon, with 248,199 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Doubs <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:600000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo


bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014


color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 426458
bar:1975 from:0 till: 471082
bar:1982 from:0 till: 477163
bar:1990 from:0 till: 484770
bar:1999 from:0 till: 499062
bar:2006 from:0 till: 516157
bar:2014 from:0 till: 534710


bar:1968 at: 426458 fontsize:S text: 426,458 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 471082 fontsize:S text: 471,082 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 477163 fontsize:S text: 477,163 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 484770 fontsize:S text: 484,770 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 499062 fontsize:S text: 499,062 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 516157 fontsize:S text: 516,157 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 534710 fontsize:S text: 534,710 shift:(-18,5)


The cities with more than inhabitants in the department are:[8]

City Population[8]
Besançon 116,690 Besançon
Montbéliard 25,521 Montbéliard
Pontarlier 17,413 Pontarlier
Audincourt 14,131 Montbéliard
Valentigney 9,970 Montbéliard
Morteau 6,827 Pontarlier
Seloncourt 5,906 Montbéliard
Bethoncourt 5,729 Montbéliard
Grand-Charmont 5,535 Montbéliard
Valdahon 5,344 Pontarlier

Places of interest

Some places of interest are:


Related pages


  1. "Les élus" (in French). Département du Doubs. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Doubs (25)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique du Doubs" (in French). Le SPLAF. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  5. "Mont d'Or, France". Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Besançon, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  7. "Département du Doubs (25)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  9. "Département du Doubs (25)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-240 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Doubs" (in French). 25 February 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  11. "Doubs (25)" (in French). Retrieved 28 June 2017. 

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