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Saône-et-Loire




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Flag of Saône-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Saône-et-Loire in France
Saône-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureMâcon
SubprefecturesAutun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles, Louhans
Government
 • PresidentAndré Accary[1]
Area
 • Total8,574.7 km2 (3,310.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total555,788
 • Density64.8172/km2 (167.8758/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-71
Arrondissements5
Cantons29
Communes567
Websitewww.saoneetloire71.fr

Saône-et-Loire is a department in the centre of France. It is in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It is named after the two main rivers in the department: the Saône and the Loire rivers.

The largest city in the department is Chalon-sur-Saône. The prefecture (capital) is the smaller city of Mâcon.

History

Saône-et-Loire is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Mâcon as its capital.[4] It was formed from combined parts of the old provinces of southern Burgundy and Bresse, uniting lands which have no true geographical unity.

It was divided in seven districts: Autun, Bourbon-Lancy, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles, Louhans, Mâcon and Semur-en-Brionnais.[5] That same year, the name of the district Semur-en-Brionnais was changed to Marcigny.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into five arrondissements: Mâcon, Autun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.[4]

After the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815), the department was occupied by the Austrian army from June 1815 to November 1818.

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Louhans was eliminated but in 1942 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography

Map of Saône-et-Loire.

Saône-et-Loire is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 8,574.7 km2 (3,311 sq mi);[2] the seventh largest department of France.

The department borders with 7 other departments in two regions:

There are five natural regions in the department:

  1. Autunois, to the northwest; it is the region around Autun.
  2. Charolais, to the southwest and around the commune of Charolles.
  3. Chalonnais, to the north with Chalon-sur-Saône as the main city.
  4. Mâconnais, to the south and around the commune of Mâcon.
  5. Bresse, to the east of the Saône river with Louhans as the main city.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border of the department and that flows to the north, into the Atlantic Ocean; and the Saône, in the eastern part of the department and that flows to the south and joins the Rhône river at Lyon.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charnay-lès-Mâcon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[6]

The average temperature for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon, to the west of Mâcon and where is the local airport, is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C (70.0 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 866.1 mm (34.10 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 96.5 mm (3.80 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 50.8 mm (2.00 in).[6]

Administration

Saône-et-Loire is managed by the Departmental Council of Saône-et-Loire in Mâcon. The department is part of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

Administrative divisions

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 29 cantons and 567 communes (municipalities) in Saône-et-Loire.[7]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
711 Autun Autun 86,693 1,900.3 45.6 83
712 Chalon-sur-Saône Chalon-sur-Saône 200,084 1,726.0 115.9 149
713 Charolles Charolles 99,381 2,500.3 39.7 135
714 Louhans Louhans 55,567 1,248.5 44.5 79
715 Mâcon Mâcon 114,063 1,199.6 95.1 121

The following is a list of the 29 cantons of the Saône-et-Loire department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Autun-1 (7101)
  2. Autun-2 (7102)
  3. Blanzy (7103)
  4. Chagny (7104)
  5. Chalon-sur-Saône-1 (7105)
  6. Chalon-sur-Saône-2 (7106)
  7. Chalon-sur-Saône-3 (7107)
  8. La Chapelle-de-Guinchay (7108)
  9. Charolles (7109)
  10. Chauffailles (7110)
  11. Cluny (7111)
  12. Le Creusot-1 (7112)
  13. Le Creusot-2 (7113)
  14. Cuiseaux(7114)
  15. Digoin (7115)
  16. Gergy (7116)
  17. Givry (7117)
  18. Gueugnon (7118)
  19. Hurigny (7119)
  20. Louhans (7120)
  21. Mâcon-1 (7121)
  22. Mâcon-2 (7122)
  23. Montceau-les-Mines (7123)
  24. Ouroux-sur-Saône (7124)
  25. Paray-le-Monial (7125)
  26. Pierre-de-Bresse (7126)
  27. Saint-Rémy (7127)
  28. Saint-Vallier (7128)
  29. Tournus (7129)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Saône-et-Loire are known, in French, as Saône-et-Loiriens (women: Saône-et-Loiriennes).[11]

Saône-et-Loire had a population, in 2014, of 555,788,[3] for a population density of 64.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Chalon-sur-Saône, with 200,084 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Saône-et-Loire <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:600000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 550364
bar:1975 from:0 till: 569810
bar:1982 from:0 till: 571852
bar:1990 from:0 till: 559413
bar:1999 from:0 till: 544893
bar:2006 from:0 till: 549359
bar:2014 from:0 till: 555788

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 550364 fontsize:S text: 550,364 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 569810 fontsize:S text: 569,810 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 571852 fontsize:S text: 571,852 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 559413 fontsize:S text: 559,413 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 544893 fontsize:S text: 544,893 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 549359 fontsize:S text: 549,359 shift:(-18,10)
bar:2014 at: 555788 fontsize:S text: 555,788 shift:(-18,10)

</timeline>

The cities with more than inhabitants in the department are:[8]

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Chalon-sur-Saône 44,985 Chalon-sur-Saône
Mâcon 33,456 Mâcon
Le Creusot 21,991 Autun
Montceau-les-Mines 18,902 Chalon-sur-Saône
Autun 13,955 Autun
Paray-le-Monial 9,133 Charolles
Saint-Vallier 8,783 Chalon-sur-Saône
Digoin 8,005 Charolles
Gueugnon 7,276 Charolles
Charnay-lès-Mâcon 6,969 Mâcon

Gallery

References

  1. "Le président" (in French). Conseil Départemental de Saône-et-Loire. http://www.saoneetloire71.fr/le-departement/linstitution/le-president/#.WUqywSeQzeQ. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de Saône-et-Loire (71)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-71. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Historique de Saône-et-Loire" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/71his.html. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  5. "Histoire" (in French). Saône-et-Loire - Le Départment. http://www.cg71.fr/le-departement/le-territoire/histoire/. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Charnay-lès-Mâcon, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598844&cityname=Charnay-l%E8s-M%E2con%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  7. "Département de Saône-et-Loire (71)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP71-saone-et-loire. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep71.pdf. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  9. "Département de Saône-et-Loire (71)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-71+ARR-711+ARR-712+ARR-713+ARR-714+ARR-715. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-182 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de Saône-et-Loire" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. 13 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028637378. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  11. "Saône-et-Loire (71)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_saone-et-loire_71.html. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 

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