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Allier




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Flag of Allier
Flag
Coat of arms of Allier
Coat of arms
Location of Allier in France
Location of Allier in France
Coordinates: 46°20′N 3°10′E / 46.333°N 3.167°E / 46.333; 3.167Coordinates: 46°20′N 3°10′E / 46.333°N 3.167°E / 46.333; 3.167
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureMoulins
SubprefecturesMontluçon, Vichy
Government
 • PresidentGérard Dériot[1]
Area
 • Total7,340.1 km2 (2,834.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total343,062
 • Density46.7381/km2 (121.0510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-03
Arrondissements3
Cantons19
Communes317
Websitehttp://www.allier.fr

Allier is a department in the centre of France, in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It is named after the river Allier, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture is Moulins.

History

Map of Allier.

Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Moulins as its capital.[4] It was formed from most of all the former province of Bourbonnais (the Duchy of Bourbonnais); Saint-Amand-Montrond, in the Cher department, was the only part of the old province that was not made part of Allier.

It was divided in seven districts: Cérilly, Moulins, Le Donjon, Cusset, Gannat, Montmarault and Montluçon.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Moulins, Gannat, Lapalisse and Montluçon.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Gannat was eliminated and in 1941 Vichy became the capital of one arrondissement of the department instead of Lapalisse.[4]

In 1940, during World War II, the city of Vichy was the capital of Vichy France.

Geography

Allier is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has an area of 7,340.1 km2 (2,834 sq mi).[2]

It is 130 km (81 mi) long from east to west and 90 km (56 mi) wide from north to south.[5]

The department borders with 6 other departments in 4 regions:

There are four main geographical zones in the department:

  1. The Bourbonnais Bocage covers about one third of the departement, covering most of the western and central parts of the department.
  2. The Bourbonnais Sologne is to the east of the department, between the valley of the river Allier and the borders of Nièvre and Saône-et-Loire departments in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
  3. The Bourbonnais Mountains are in the southeast of the department. In these mountains, where the departments Allier, Puy-de-Dome and Loire meet, is the highest point of the department, Puy de Montoncel (45°55′51″N 3°41′39″E / 45.93083°N 3.69417°E / 45.93083; 3.69417 (Puy de Montoncel)); it is 1,287 m (4,222 ft) high.[6]
  4. The Bourbonnais Limagne, commonly called as Val d'Allier ("Valley of the Allier"), found on both sides of the river between Vichy and Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule.

The main rivers in the department are:

  • Cher in the western part of the department.
  • Allier and its tributary the Sioule, in the centre.
  • Loire and its tributary the Besbre, in the east.

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[7]

There are two periods of maximum precipitation in June and October and a minimum in January and February with average of 694 mm (27.3 in) Montluçon (altitude: 207 m), 763 mm (30.0 in) in Moulins (245 m) 778 mm (30.6 in) in Vichy (251 m); and 791 mm (31.1 in) in Lapalisse (285 m).

Climate data for Vichy
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
14.8
(58.6)
18.7
(65.7)
22.4
(72.3)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
22.2
(72)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
4.3
(39.7)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.8
(55)
16.3
(61.3)
18.8
(65.8)
18.3
(64.9)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
7.1
(44.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Average low °C (°F) -0.9
(30.4)
-0.2
(31.6)
1.1
(34)
3.4
(38.1)
7.06
(44.71)
10.2
(50.4)
12.1
(53.8)
11.8
(53.2)
9.4
(48.9)
6.4
(43.5)
2.3
(36.1)
-0.5
(31.1)
5.2
(41.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52.1
(2.051)
48.2
(1.898)
51.0
(2.008)
62.9
(2.476)
107.6
(4.236)
79.4
(3.126)
60.6
(2.386)
75.4
(2.969)
77.0
(3.031)
64.7
(2.547)
56.9
(2.24)
54.4
(2.142)
790.2
(31.11)
Sunshine hours 66.1 88.1 136.6 170.9 197.1 232.6 270.7 237.8 197.9 135.9 82.3 64.2 1,880.2
Source: Metereological data for Vichy-Charmeil, from 1961 to 1990 Dec 2014

Administration

Allier is managed by the Departmental Council of Allier in Moulins. The department is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 19 cantons and 317 communes (municipalities) in Allier.[8]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[9]
(2014)
Area[10]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
031 Montluçon Montluçon 114,756 2,327.9 49.3 89
032 Moulins Moulins 106,039 2,996.2 35.4 109
033 Vichy Vichy 122,267 2,016.0 60.6 119

The following is a list of the 19 cantons of the Allier department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[11]

  1. Bellerive-sur-Allier (0301)
  2. Bourbon-l'Archambault (0302)
  3. Commentry (0303)
  4. Cusset (0304)
  5. Dompierre-sur-Besbre (0305)
  6. Gannat (0306)
  7. Huriel (0307)
  8. Lapalisse (0308)
  9. Montluçon-1 (0309)
  10. Montluçon-2 (0310)
  11. Montluçon-3 (0311)
  12. Montluçon-4 (0312)
  13. Moulins-1 (0313)
  14. Moulins-2 (0314)
  15. Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule (0315)
  16. Souvigny (0316)
  17. Vichy-1 (0317)
  18. Vichy-2 (0318)
  19. Yzeure (0319)

Demographics

There is not a traditional demonym to name the inhabitants of the Allier department. Some names used are Alliérins, Bourbonnais, Elavérins, or simply habitants de l'Allier ("inhabitants of Allier").

Of these names, the most used is Bourbonnais followed by habitants de l'Allier.

Allier had a population, in 2014, of 343,062,[3] for a population density of 46.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Vichy, with 122,267 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[9]

Evolution of the population in Allier <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:400 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:450000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData=

 bar:1968 text:1968
 bar:1975 text:1975
 bar:1982 text:1982
 bar:1990 text:1990
 bar:1999 text:1999
 bar:2006 text:2006
 bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

 color:barra width:30 align:left
 bar:1968 from:0 till: 386533
 bar:1975 from:0 till: 378406
 bar:1982 from:0 till: 369580
 bar:1990 from:0 till: 357710
 bar:1999 from:0 till: 344721
 bar:2006 from:0 till: 343310
 bar:2014 from:0 till: 343062

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 386533 fontsize:S text: 386,533 shift:(-12,10)
bar:1975 at: 378406 fontsize:S text: 378,406 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 369580 fontsize:S text: 369,580 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 357710 fontsize:S text: 357,710 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 344721 fontsize:S text: 344,721 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 343310 fontsize:S text: 343,310 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 343062 fontsize:S text: 343,062 shift:(-18,8)

</timeline>

The 10 communes in the department with more inhabitants are:[9]

City Population
(2014)[9]
Arrondissement
Montluçon 37,289 Montluçon
Vichy 25,279 Vichy
Moulins 19,762 Moulins
Cusset 13,386 Vichy
Yzeure 13,069 Moulins
Domérat 8,985 Montluçon
Bellerive-sur-Allier 8,533 Vichy
Commentry 6,395 Montluçon
Gannat 5,862 Vichy
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule 5,039 Moulins

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Le Président". Allier.fr. Conseil Départemental de l'Allier. http://www.allier.fr/25-le-president.htm. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de l’Allier (03) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-03. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Historique de l'Allier" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/03his.html. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  5. "Géographie du département de l'Allier" (in French). Allier.fr. http://www.allier.fr/1416-geographie-du-departement-de-l-allier.htm. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  6. "Puy de Montoncel, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9702. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  7. "Le département de l'Allier". Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/info-departement-allier.html. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  8. "Département de l’Allier (03)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP03-allier. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep03.pdf. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  10. "Département de l’Allier (03) et Arrondissements" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-03+ARR-031+ARR-032+ARR-033. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  11. "Décret n° 2014-265 du 27 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Allier" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028664570. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 

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