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The French State was the nominal government of all of France except for Alsace-Lorraine. It also governed the French colonial empire. The Axis powers in reality militarily occupied northern and south-eastern France. The Vichy government, which was a satellite state of Germany, controlled the unoccupied parts of France until 1942. It was led by Philippe Pétain, notable for helping to win World War I. The German army ran the Northern half. In 1944, the Vichy government moved to Nazi Germany, and later disbanded. It became known as Vichy France after World War II.