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French colonial empire

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French Colonial Empire
Empire colonial français


French conquests and territories over the centuries
Capital Paris
Political structure Empire
 - Established 1534
 - Cartier planted the French flag at Gaspé Bay 24 July 1534
 - Louisiana Purchase by Napoleon Bonaparte 30 April 1803
 - Independence of Vanuatu 30 July 1980
 - Disestablished 1946
Area 12,347,000 km2 (4,767,203 sq mi)
Today part of

The French colonial Empire was land under French rule from the 17th century to the late 1960s. In the 17th and 18th centuries France gained and lost large territories in North America and India.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, the colonial empire of France was the second-largest in the world behind the British Empire. Because it was so big, many people now speak French.