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# Mauritius

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Republic of Mauritius

Republik Moris
République de Maurice
Motto:
Anthem:
CapitalPort Louis
Official languagesEnglish[1][2]
English
Mauritanian Creole
French
Rodriguan Creole
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
Anerood Jugnauth
Navinchandra Ramgoolam
LegislatureParliament
National Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
12 March 1968
• Republic
12 March 1992
Area
• Total
2,040 km2 (790 sq mi) (179th)
• Water (%)
0.05
Population
• 2011 estimate
1,286,340[3] (151st)
• 2000 census
1,179,137
• Density
630/km2 (1,631.7/sq mi) (18th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$19.008 billion[4] • Per capita$14,746[4]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$10.299 billion[4] • Per capita$7,989[4]
HDI (2011) 0.701[5]
high · 77th
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
Time zoneUTC+4 (MUT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4 ((DST not observed))
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving sideleft
Calling code230
ISO 3166 codeMU
Internet TLD.mu

The Republic of Mauritius is an African country. Port Louis is its capital. Mauritius is also the name of the main island the country is on. In the 2000 census, the country had a population of 1,178,848 people.[6]

The island of Mauritius is well known for being the only known home of the dodo.

## Location

The island is in the southwest Indian Ocean. It is about 900 km (559 mi) east of Madagascar. The country includes the island of Mauritius as well as the islands of St. Brandon, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius is part of the Mascarene Islands along with the French island of Réunion 200 km (124 mi) to the southwest.

## Flag

The Mauritian flag is made up of four colours of equal width. The colours represent the following:

• Red represents freedom and independence,
• Blue is for their Indian ocean which surrounds the island,
• Yellow for the sun, and
• Green for their agriculture.

## History

Mauritius, an island of volcanic origin sheltered by barriers of coral reefs forming natural, safe, crystal clear lagoons, has long been a dream destination. Known to the Arabs as early as the 10th century, but officially explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch in the 17th century. The Dutch were the ones who named the island in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU. Mauritius was occupied successively by the Dutch (1598-1712) and later by the French (1715-1810). The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing the Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars through the Treaty of Paris. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later on, an air station playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. On 12 March 1968, Mauritius became Independent.

## References

1. "language". Government of Mauritius. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
2. "Article 49 of The Constitution". National Assembly of Mauritius. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
3. Ministry of Finance & Economic Development (2011). Population and Vital Statistics - Republic of Mauritius, January - June 2011. 1 July 2011. Government of Mauritius. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
4. "Mauritius". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
5. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
6. Central statistics Office: Republic of Mauritius Resident population and resident population in private households by geographical district single year of age and sex