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Gabonese Republic

République Gabonaise
Flag of Gabon
Location of Gabon
and largest city
Official languagesFrench
Fang, Myene
Demonym(s)Gabonese, Gabonaise
GovernmentPresidential republic
• President
Ali Bongo Ondimba
Daniel Ona Ondo
• from France
August 17, 1960
• Total
267,667 km2 (103,347 sq mi) (76th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
1,475,000[1] (150th)
• Density
5.5/km2 (14.2/sq mi) (216th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$22.478 billion[2]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$13.056 billion[2]
• Per capita
HDI (2010)Increase 0.648[3]
medium · 93rd
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code241
ISO 3166 codeGA
Flag of Gabon

The Gabonese Republic or Gabon is a country in Africa. Its capital is Libreville.

It became a new country on August 17, 1960. Before that, Gabon was a colony of France.

Gabon is a small country led by the President Ali Bongo Ondimba. This country was conquered by France. It is a rich country, culturally, economically, and geographically. Gabon is in central Africa.


The first Gabonese president was Leon Mba. His successor was Omar Bongo, from 1967 until his death in 2009. Under his governance Gabon had just one political party between 1968 and 1990. It was called PDG.

Provinces and departments

Gabon is divided into nine provinces. The provinces are divided into 37 departments.

The provinces are:

  1. Estuaire
  2. Haut-Ogooué
  3. Moyen-Ogooué
  4. Ngounié
  5. Nyanga
  6. Ogooué-Ivindo
  7. Ogooué-Lolo
  8. Ogooué-Maritime
  9. Woleu-Ntem


Gabon has nine states. The soil of Gabon is rich in the metals uranium, manganese, and petrolium. Therefore, these three elements, such as metal exploited in Port-Gentil, Iranium in Munana, and the manganese in Franceville.


Kongou falls

Gabon is on the Atlantic coast of central Africa. It is on the equator. Gabon generally has an equatorial climate. Rainforests cover 85% of the country. There are three distinct regions: the coastal plains (ranging between 20 to 300 km from the ocean's shore), the mountains (the Cristal Mountains to the northeast of Libreville, the Chaillu Massif in the centre, culminating at 1575 m with Mont Iboundji), and the savanna in the east. The coastal plains form a large section of the World Wildlife Fund's Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion and contain patches of Central African mangroves especially on the Muni River estuary on the border with Equatorial Guinea.

Gabon's largest river is the Ogooué which is 1200 km long. Gabon has three karst areas where there are hundreds of caves in the dolomite and limestone rocks. Some of the caves include Grotte du Lastoursville, Grotte du Lebamba, Grotte du Bongolo, and Grotte du Kessipougou. Many caves have not been explored yet. A National Geographic Expedition visited the caves in the summer of 2008 to document them (Expedition Website).


Gabon has a wide culture. Before colonialism, Gabon's people believed their ancestral spirit as religion, like bwiti, mvett, djobi.

After colonialism, others religions such as Christianity and Islam came to be added to the first animists believers.

Books about Gabon

Related pages