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Equatorial Guinea

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Republic of Equatorial Guinea

República de Guinea Ecuatorial  (Spanish)
République de Guinée équatoriale  (French)
República da Guiné Equatorial  (Portuguese)
Flag of Equatorial Guinea
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital Malabo
Official languages Spanish (administrative)
Ethnic groups
85.7% Fang
6.5% Bubi
3.6% Mdowe
1.6% Annobon
1.1% Bujeba
1.4% other (Spanish)
Demonym(s) Equatoguinean, Equatorial Guinean
Government Unitary presidential republic
• President
Teodoro Obiang
Ignacio Milam
• from Spain
12 October 1968
• Total
28,050 km2 (10,830 sq mi) (144th)
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
676,000[2] (166th)
• Density
24.1/km2 (62.4/sq mi) (187th)

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation in west central Africa, and one of the smallest countries in Africa. It borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west. It used to be the Spanish colony of Spanish Guinea. The country's territory is both on the continent and on islands. (The continental part is known as Río Muni). On one island, Bioko, is the capital, Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language.


Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces (capitals appear in parentheses):

  1. Annobón Province (San Antonio de Palé)
  2. Bioko Norte Province (Malabo)
  3. Bioko Sur Province (Luba)
  4. Centro Sur Province (Evinayong)
  5. Kié-Ntem Province (Ebebiyín)
  6. Litoral Province (Bata)
  7. Wele-Nzas Province (Mongomo)

The provinces are further divided into districts.