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Equatorial Guinea

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Republic of Equatorial Guinea
República de Guinea Ecuatorial  (Spanish)
République de Guinée équatoriale  (French)
República da Guiné Equatorial  (Portuguese)
"Unidad, Paz, Justicia"  (Spanish)
"Unité, Paix, Justice"  (French)
"Unidade, Paz, Justiça  (Portuguese)
"Unity, Peace, Justice"
Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad
Let us walk the path of our immense happiness
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Equatorial Guinea  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

3°45′N 8°47′E / 3.75°N 8.783°E / 3.75; 8.783
Largest city Bata
Official languages Spanish (administrative)
Recognised regional languages Fang
Ethnic groups (1994[1]) 85.7% Fang
6.5% Bubi
3.6% Mdowe
1.6% Annobon
1.1% Bujeba
1.4% other (Spanish)
Demonym Equatoguinean, Equatorial Guinean
Government Unitary presidential republic
 -  President Teodoro Obiang
 -  Prime Minister Ignacio Milam
 -  from Spain 12 October 1968 
 -  Total 28,050 km2 (144th)
10,830 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2009 estimate 676,000[2] (166th)
 -  Density 24.1/km2 (187th)
62.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $24.146 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $34,824[3] (22nd)
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $14.006 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $20,200[3]
HDI (2010)Increase 0.538[4]
medium · 117th
Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code 240
Internet TLD .gq
a. Including Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano).

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a nation in west central Africa, and one of the smallest countries in Africa. It borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west. It used to be the Spanish colony of Spanish Guinea. The country's territory is both on the continent and on islands. (The continental part is known as Río Muni). On one island, Bioko, is the capital, Malabo.

Equatorial Guinea is the only country in Africa where Spanish is an official language.


Equatorial Guinea is divided into seven provinces (capitals appear in parentheses):

  1. Annobón Province (San Antonio de Palé)
  2. Bioko Norte Province (Malabo)
  3. Bioko Sur Province (Luba)
  4. Centro Sur Province (Evinayong)
  5. Kié-Ntem Province (Ebebiyín)
  6. Litoral Province (Bata)
  7. Wele-Nzas Province (Mongomo)

The provinces are further divided into districts.