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Republic of Vanuatu
Ripablik blong Vanuatu (in Bislama)
République de Vanuatu (in French)
and largest city
|Official languages||Bislama |
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary parliamentary republic|
|Tallis Obed Moses|
|30 July 1980|
|12,190 km2 (4,710 sq mi) (161st)|
|224,564 (July 2011 est.)|
• 2009 census
|19.7/km2 (51.0/sq mi) (188th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|$5,500 (2010 est.)|
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2004)|| 0.693|
medium · 126th
|Currency||Vanuatu vatu (VUV)|
|Time zone||UTC+11 (VUT (Vanuatu Time))|
|ISO 3166 code||VU|
Vanuatu is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The official languages of Vanuatu are Bislama, English and French. Vanuatu has a population of over 250,000 people. The capital of Vanuatu is Port Vila. The country was ruled as a colony by England and France. It got its independence in 1980. During the colonial time, it was named the "New Hebrides" or "Nouvelles Hebrides".
Evidence shows, that people lived in Vanuatu by 1300 BC. Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernández de Quirós first discovered the islands in 1606. British explorer, navigator James Cook discovered the islands in 1774. Cook mapped the islands and named them New Hebrides.
Vanuatu is an island archipelago. It has about 82 small islands. The islands were made from volcanoes. 65 of the islands are inhabited. There is about 800 miles (1,300 km) north to south distance between the outermost islands. Two of the islands (Matthew and Hunter) are also claimed by France. Fourteen of Vanuatu's islands have surface areas of more than 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi).
The highest point in Vanuatu is Mount Tabwemasana, at 1,879 metres (6,165 ft), on the island of Espiritu Santo.
Flora and fauna
Even though it has tropical forests, Vanuatu has a small number of plant and animal species. There are no large mammals. The 19 species of native reptiles include the flowerpot snake, found only on Efate. The Fiji Banded Iguana (Brachylophus fasciatus) was introduced as a feral animal in the 1960s. There are 11 species of bats and 61 species of land and water birds.
The region is rich in sea life. There are more than 4,000 species of marine molluscs. Coneshell and stonefish carry poison that will kill humans. The giant East African land snail arrived only in the 1970s but already has spread from the Port-Vila region to Luganville.
There are three or possibly four adult saltwater crocodiles living in Vanuatu's mangroves and no current breeding population. It is said the crocodiles reach the northern part of the islands after cyclones. This is because of the island chain's closeness to the Solomon Islands and New Guinea, where crocodiles are very common.
The national dish of Vanuatu is the lap lap.
Some of the cities are:
- Port Olry
- Port Vila - Capital
- Rovo Bay
- Sulphur Bay
- Selmen, Harrison (2011-07-17). "Santo chiefs concerned over slow pace of development in Sanma". Vanuatu Daily Post. http://www.dailypost.vu/content/santo-chiefs-concerned-over-slow-pace-development-sanma?page=7&quicktabs_1=0. Retrieved 2011-08-29.
- John Lynch and Fa'afo Pat (eds), Proceedings of the first International Conference on Oceanic Linguistics, Australian National University, 1993, p. 319.
- G. W. Trompf, The Gospel is not Western: Black theologies from the Southwest Pacific, Orbis Books, 1987, p. 184.
- Central Intelligence Agency. "Vanuatu". The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nh.html. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- (PDF) 2009 Census Household Listing Counts. Vanuatu National Statistics Office. 2009. Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20100119201716/http://www.spc.int/prism/country/vu/stats/P_releases/Adhoc/HH%20listing%20count%20release%20-%20071009.pdf. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- "Vanuatu". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=846&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=33&pr.y=9. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- "Country Facts | Vanuatu". https://www.un.int/vanuatu/vanuatu/country-facts.
- Swan, Quito J. (2020). Pauulu’s Diaspora: Black Internationalism and Environmental Justice (1 ed.). University Press of Florida. . . https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv10kmbwz.
- "Vanuatu - History" (in en). https://www.britannica.com/place/Vanuatu.
- "Vanuatu profile - Timeline" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2017-07-12. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-16426561. Retrieved 2021-05-07.
- Robert George Sprackland (1992). Giant lizards. Neptune, NJ: T.F.H. Publications. .
- Harewood, Jocelyn (2009). Vanuatu and New Caledonia. Lonely Planet. p. 47. . https://archive.org/details/vanuatunewcaledo00joce.
- Bennett, Michelle; Jocelyn Harewood (2003). Vanuatu. Lonely Planet. p. 19. .
- The secrets of Vanuatu's national dish, the Lap Lap
- "Background Note: Vanuatu". Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. U.S. Department of State. April 2007. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2815.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-16.