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Islamic Republic of Mauritania

الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
République islamique de Mauritanie  (French)
Flag of Mauritania
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Location of Mauritania (dark green) in western Africa
Location of Mauritania (dark green) in western Africa
Capital
and largest city
Nouakchott
18°09′N 15°58′W / 18.150°N 15.967°W / 18.150; -15.967
Official languagesArabic
French
Ethnic groups
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s)Mauritanian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential Islamic republic
• President
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
Mohammed Ould Bilal
Cheikh Ahmed Baye[1]
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• Republic established
28 November 1958
• from France
28 November 1960
• Current constitution
12 July 1991
Area
• Total
1,030,000 km2 (400,000 sq mi)[2] (28th)
• Water (%)
0.03
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,301,018[3]
• 2013 census
3,537,368[2]
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$18.117 billion[4] (134th)
• Per capita
$4,563[4] (140th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$5.200 billion[4] (154th)
• Per capita
$1,309[4] (149th)
Gini (2008)40.5[5]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.546[6]
low · 157th
CurrencyOuguiya (MRU)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+222
ISO 3166 codeMR
Internet TLD.mr
  1. According to Article 6 of the Constitution: "The national languages are Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, and Wolof; the official language is Arabic."

Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa. The capital city, which is also the biggest city in the country, is Nouakchott. It is on the Atlantic coast. Its president is General Mohamed Oueld Abdel-Aziz.

At 1,030,700 km² (397,929 mi²),[7] Mauritania is the world's 29th-largest country (after Bolivia). It is similar in size to Egypt. The land is flat in most places.

References

Other websites

Media related to Mauritania at Wikimedia Commons