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Flag of Puy-de-Dôme
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
Location of Puy-de-Dôme in France
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Département4 March 1790
SubprefecturesAmbert, Issoire, Riom, Thiers
 • PresidentJean-Yves Gouttebe
 • Total7,969.7 km2 (3,077.1 sq mi)
 • Total644,216
 • Density80.8332/km2 (209.3569/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-63

Puy-de-Dôme is a French department in the centre of France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and named after the dormant volcano the Puy de Dôme. Its prefecture is the city of Clermont-Ferrand.


Puy-de-Dôme was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Puy-de-Dôme was formed with part of the old province of Auvergne.

It was divided in eight districts: Ambert, Besse, Billom, Clermont-Ferrand, Issoire, Montaigu, Riom and Thiers, with Clermont-Ferrand as is capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the eight districts were changed into five arrondissements: Ambert, Clermont-Ferrand, Issoire, Riom and Thiers. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Ambert was eliminated but, in 1942 Ambert became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]


Puy-de-Dôme is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, in east-central France, with an area of 7,969.7 km2 (3,077 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 2 other departments in 2 regions:

The department is in the Massif Central and there are several mountain chains; some of the chains and mountains are:

  • Chaîne des Puys, to the northwest of the department; here is the Puy de Dôme.
  • Monts Dore, to the southwest of the department. Here is the highest mountain of the department and of the Massif Central: Puy de Sancy (

    Template-specific style sheet:

    45°31′42″N 02°48′50″E / 45.52833°N 2.81389°E / 45.52833; 2.81389 (Puy de Sancy)); it is 1,885 m (6,184 ft) high.[5]
  • Monts du Forez, to the east of the department
  • Livradois, to the south.
  • Massif des Bois Noirs, to the northeast.
  • Cézallier, to the southwest.


The climate of the Puy-de-Dôme department, in the city of Clermont-Ferrand, is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Clermont-Ferrand, at an altitude of 330 m (1,080 ft), is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Clermont-Ferrand is 612.1 mm (24.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 73.7 mm (2.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[6]


Puy-de-Dôme is part of the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Puy-de-Dôme in Clermont-Ferrand.

Administrative divisions

There are 5 arrondissements (districts), 31 cantons and 467 communes (municipalities) in Puy-de-Dôme.[7]

Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
631 Ambert Ambert 26,653 1,188.1 22.4 58
632 Clermont-Ferrand Clermont-Ferrand 375,518 1,796.5 209.0 75
633 Issoire Issoire 62,931 1,819.6 34.6 135
634 Riom Riom 121,158 2,299.7 52.7 155
635 Thiers Thiers 57,956 865.8 66.9 44

The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Puy-de-Dôme department (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

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The inhabitants of Puy-de-Dôme are known, in French, as Puydômois (women: Puydômoises).[11]

Puy-de-Dôme has a population, in 2014, of 644,216,[3] for a population density of 80.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand, with 375,518 inhabitants, is by far the largest.[8]

Evolution of the population in Puy-de-Dôme <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:700000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:50000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:25000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo


bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014


color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 547743
bar:1975 from:0 till: 580033
bar:1982 from:0 till: 594365
bar:1990 from:0 till: 598213
bar:1999 from:0 till: 604266
bar:2008 from:0 till: 628485
bar:2014 from:0 till: 644216


bar:1968 at: 547743 fontsize:S text: 547,743 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 580033 fontsize:S text: 580,033 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 594365 fontsize:S text: 594,365 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 598213 fontsize:S text: 598,213 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 604266 fontsize:S text: 604,266 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 628485 fontsize:S text: 628,485 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 644216 fontsize:S text: 644,216 shift:(-18,5)


The most important cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
Clermont-Ferrand 141,365 Clermont-Ferrand
Cournon-d'Auvergne 19,515 Clermont-Ferrand
Riom 18,749 Riom
Chamalières 17,623 Clermont-Ferrand
Issoire 14,578 Issoire
Thiers 11,588 Thiers
Beaumont 11,060 Clermont-Ferrand
Pont-du-Château 10,655 Clermont-Ferrand
Gerzat 10,487 Clermont-Ferrand
Aubière 9,832 Clermont-Ferrand


Related pages


  1. "Bureau départemental" (in French). Conseil départemental du Puy-de-Dôme (63). Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique du Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). Le SPLAF. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  5. "Puy de Sancy, France". Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  6. "Clermont-Ferrand, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  7. "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  9. "Département du Puy-de-Dôme (63)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). Lé 26 February 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2017. 
  11. "Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). Retrieved 17 October 2017. 

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