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Clermont-Ferrand

Ville de Clermont-Ferrand.jpg
Photomontage: View of the historic center from Montjuzet Park (top)
Victoire Square and Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption Cathedral, Statue of Vercingétorix and Chaussetiers Street (middle)
Basilica of Notre-Dame du Port (bottom).
Flag of Clermont-Ferrand
Coat of arms of Clermont-Ferrand
Administration
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Puy-de-Dôme
Arrondissement Clermont-Ferrand
Canton 6 cantons[1]
Intercommunality Clermont Auvergne Métropole
Mayor Olivier Bianchi
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 321–602 m (1,053–1,975 ft)
(avg. 358 m/1,175 ft)
Land area1 42.67 km2 (16.47 sq mi)
Population2 141,569  (2012)
 - Density 3,318/km2 (8,590/sq mi)
Urban area 300 km2 (120 sq mi) (2011)
 - Population 467178 (Jan. 2011)
Metro area 1,331 km2 (514 sq mi) (2010)
 - Population 467178 (Jan. 2011)
INSEE/Postal code 63113/ 63000-63100
Website clermont-ferrand.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Clermont-Ferrand is a commune in the Puy-de-Dôme department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in central-southern France.

It is the prefecture of the department and the capital of the arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand and the historical capital of the region of Auvergne.

History

The modern city was born from the union of two separate towns, Clermont and Montferrand. This union has been imposed by Louis XIII in 1630 (Edict of Troyes) and was confirmed by Louis XV.

While Montferrand was founded in the early twelfth century by the Counts of Auvergne on the model of fortified cities in the Southwest, Clairmont is much older, as it existed in ancient times. The earliest mention of the existence of Clairmont contained in the work of Strabo, the early first century. The city was then known Nemossos described as a "metropolis of Arvernes." She later took the name of Augustonemetum then Arverni.

Geography

To the west of Clermont-Ferrand, there is a plateau where is the Chaîne des Puys, a chain of dormant volcanoes including the Puy de Dôme. To the north of the city is the plain de Limage, a large plain in the Auvergne region in the valley of the Allier river.

Clermont-Ferrand has an area of 42.7 km2 (16.5 sq mi),[2] and its average altitude is 462 m (1,516 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 365 m (1,198 ft).[3]

The distances from Clermont-Ferrand to other cities are:[4]

Clermont-Ferrand and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Clermont-Ferrand

Clermont-Ferrand is surrounded by the communes:

Climate

The climate of Clermont-Ferrand is an oceanic climate, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

The average temperature for the year in Clermont-Ferrand, at an altitude of 330 m (1,080 ft), is 10 °C (50 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 18.9 °C (66.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.6 °C (33.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Clermont-Ferrand is 612.1 mm (24.1 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 73.7 mm (2.9 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is January with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[5]

Climate data for Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
11
(52)
5
(41)
3
(37)
10.4
(50.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 30
(1.18)
31
(1.22)
36
(1.42)
46
(1.81)
74
(2.91)
75
(2.95)
58
(2.28)
66
(2.6)
64
(2.52)
55
(2.17)
42
(1.65)
37
(1.46)
614
(24.17)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Clermont-Ferrand are known, in French, as Puydômois (women: Puydômoises).[6]

With a population of 141,365,[7] Clermont-Ferrand has a population density of 3,313 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Clermont-Ferrand <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:160000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:20000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 148759
bar:1975 from:0 till: 156763
bar:1982 from:0 till: 147224
bar:1990 from:0 till: 136181
bar:1999 from:0 till: 137140
bar:2006 from:0 till: 138992
bar:2014 from:0 till: 141365

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 148759 fontsize:S text: 148,759 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 156763 fontsize:S text: 156,763 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 147224 fontsize:S text: 147,224 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 136181 fontsize:S text: 136,181 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 137140 fontsize:S text: 137,140 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 138992 fontsize:S text: 138,992 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 141365 fontsize:S text: 141,365 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Clermont-Ferrand forms, together with other 16 communes, the urban area of Clermont-Ferrand with a population of 264,704 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 180.8 km2 (69.8 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Clermont-Ferrand, formed by 184 communes, with a population of 475,694 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 2,419.8 km2 (934.3 sq mi).[9]

Administration

Clermont-Ferrand is the prefecture of the Puy-de-Dôme department since 1790. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Clermont-Ferrand and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of six cantons:

It is part of the intercommunality Clermont Auvergne Métropole.

Sister cities

Clermont-Ferrand is twinned with:[10]

Education

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Decree 2014-210/Décret 2014-210 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). 21 February 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028652558. 
  2. "Commune de Clermont-Ferrand (63113)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-63113. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  3. "City of Clermont-Ferrand". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Clermont-Ferrand-63000/. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  4. "Ville de Clermont-Ferrand" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-clermont-ferrand.html. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Clermont-Ferrand, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=74600&cityname=Clermont-Ferrand%2C+Auvergne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  6. "Puy-de-Dôme" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/puy-de-dome-63. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep63.pdf. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  8. "Unité urbaine de Clermont-Ferrand (63701)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-63701. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  9. "Aire urbaine de Clermont-Ferrand (019)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-019. Retrieved 23 October 2017. 
  10. http://www.clermont-ferrand.fr/-International-.html sister cities in french

Other websites