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Creuse




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Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Creuse in France
Location of Creuse in France
Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°3′E / 46.583°N 2.050°E / 46.583; 2.050Coordinates: 46°35′N 2°3′E / 46.583°N 2.050°E / 46.583; 2.050
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureGuéret
SubprefectureAubusson
Government
 • PresidentValérie Simonet
Area
 • Total5,565.4 km2 (2,148.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[2]
 • Total120,581
 • Density21.66619/km2 (56.1152/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-23
Arrondissements2
Cantons15
Communes258
Websitewww.creuse.fr

Creuse (Occitan: Cruesa) is a department in central France in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is named after the Creuse river that flows through the department.

History

Creuse is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created mainly with lands of the old province of County of La Marche.

The new department had seven districts: La Souterraine, Guéret, Boussac, Évaux, Felletin, Bourganeuf and Aubusson. The capital (now prefecture) was Guéret alternating with Aubusson, but soon only Guéret remained as capital.[3]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the seven districts were changed into four arrondissements: Guéret, Aubusson, Bourganeuf and Boussac.[3]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bourganeuf et Boussac were eliminated.[3]

Geography

Map of the Creuse department

Creuse is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 120,872 km2 (46,669 sq mi).[1]

The department is surrounded by 6 departments in 3 regions:

The department is in the northwestern part of the Massif Central; the Millevaches plateau is in the southeastern part of the department. The highest point is in Forêt de Châteauvert (45°42′38″N 02°20′45″E / 45.71056°N 2.34583°E / 45.71056; 2.34583 (Forêt de Châteauvert)), "commune" of Saint-Oradoux-de-Chirouze, southeastern of the department and in northeastern Massif Central; it is 932 m (3,058 ft) high;[4] the lowest point is in the valley of the Creuse river, 175 m (574 ft) high.

The main river in the department is the Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne river and that gives its name to this the deparment; it flows through the department from the southeast to the northwest.

Administration

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Creuse in Guéret. Creuse is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 15 cantons and 258 communes (municipalities) in Haute-Vienne.[5]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2014)
Area[7]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
231 Aubusson Aubusson 37,123 2,538.8 14.6 118
232 Guéret Guéret 83,458 3,026.5 27.6 140

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Creuse department (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

Demographics

The inhabitants of Creuse are known, in French, as Creusois (women: Creusoises).[9]

Creuse has a population, in 2014, of 120,581,[2] for a population density of 21.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Guéret, with 83,458 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Aubusson, has 37,123 inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Dordogne <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
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 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:200000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:40000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:20000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 172702
bar:1975 from:0 till: 163515
bar:1982 from:0 till: 156876
bar:1990 from:0 till: 146214
bar:1999 from:0 till: 139968
bar:2006 from:0 till: 131349
bar:2014 from:0 till: 120581

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 172702 fontsize:S text: 172,702 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 163515 fontsize:S text: 163,515 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 156876 fontsize:S text: 156,876 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 146214 fontsize:S text: 146,214 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 139968 fontsize:S text: 139,968 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 131349 fontsize:S text: 131,349 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 120581 fontsize:S text: 120,581 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The main cities in the department are:

City Population[6]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Guéret 13,342 Guéret
La Souterraine 5,295 Guéret
Aubusson 3,591 Aubusson
Bourganeuf 2,725 Guéret
Sainte-Feyre 2,470 Guéret
Saint-Sulpice-le-Guérétois 1,987 Guéret
Saint-Vaury 1,791 Guéret
Felletin 1,700 Aubusson
Gouzon 1,575 Guéret
Ahun 1,466 Guéret

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-23. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Historique de la Creuse" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/23his.html. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  4. "Forêt de Châteauvert, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9690. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  5. "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP23-creuse. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep23.pdf. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  7. "Département de la Creuse (23)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-23+ARR-231+ARR-232. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  8. "Décret n° 2014-161 du 17 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Creuse" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028626017. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  9. "Creuse (23)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/creuse-23. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 

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