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Dijon

Dijon - montage.jpg
Top: Dijon City Hall, Bottom: Saint Benigne Cathedral, Statue of Jean-Philippe Rameau, Statue of Francois Rude, Saint Michel Church
Coat of arms of Dijon
Administration
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Dijon
Canton Chief town of 6 cantons
Intercommunality Dijon Métropole
Mayor François Rebsamen[1]
(2015–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 220–410 m (720–1,350 ft)
(avg. 315 m/1,033 ft)
Land area1 40.41 km2 (15.60 sq mi)
Population2 153,668  (2014)
 - Density 3,803/km2 (9,850/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21231/ 21000
Website http://www.dijon.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dijon is a commune in France. It is the prefecture of the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region; it is also the prefecture (regional capital) of the region but the council of the region meets in Besançon.

It is the main city of the department and also the largest city of the region.

History

Dijon began as a Roman settlement called Divio. Saint Benignus (Saint Kelly), the city's patron saint, is said to have spread Christianity to the area before being killed. It was home to the Dukes of Burgundy from the early 11th century until the late 1400s and was a place of great wealth and power and one of the great European centers of art, learning and science.

Geography

Dijon is in the east of the department and in the centre of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. It has an area of 40.4 km2 (15.6 sq mi),[2] and its average altitude is 315 m (1,033 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 245 m (804 ft).[3]

The distances from Dijon to other cities are:[4]

Dijon and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Dijon

Dijon is surrounded by the communesː

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Dijon is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb.[5]

The average temperature for the year in Dijon is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 1.7 °C (35.1 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Dijon is 698.5 mm (27.50 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 73.7 mm (2.90 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 40.6 mm (1.60 in).[5]

Climate data for Dijon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
5
(41)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
9
(48)
5
(41)
15
(59)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
6
(43)
10
(50)
14
(57)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
15
(59)
10
(50)
5
(41)
2
(36)
10.1
(50.2)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
--- 2
(36)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
2
(36)
--- 6
(43)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
50
(1.97)
70
(2.76)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
640
(25.2)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Dijon are known, in French, as Dijonnais (women: Dijonnaises).[6]

With a population of 153,668,[7] Nevers has a population density of 3,803 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Dijon <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:160000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:20000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 145357
bar:1975 from:0 till: 151705
bar:1982 from:0 till: 140942
bar:1990 from:0 till: 146703
bar:1999 from:0 till: 149867
bar:2006 from:0 till: 151504
bar:2011 from:0 till: 151672
bar:2014 from:0 till: 153668

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 145357 fontsize:S text: 145,357 shift:(-12,12)
bar:1975 at: 151705 fontsize:S text: 151,705 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 140942 fontsize:S text: 140,942 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 146703 fontsize:S text: 146,703 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 149867 fontsize:S text: 149,867 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 151504 fontsize:S text: 151,504 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2011 at: 151672 fontsize:S text: 151,672 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 153668 fontsize:S text: 153,668 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Dijon forms, together with other 14 communes, the urban area of Dijon with a population of 241,591 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 166.0 km2 (64.1 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Dijon, formed by 295 communes, with a population of 382,590 inhabitants (2014) and an area of 3,339.2 km2 (1,289.3 sq mi).[9]

Administration

Dijon is a prefecture of the Côte-d'Or department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Dijon and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of six cantons:

  • Dijon-1, formed with part of Dijon, with 25,235 inhabitants (2014).
  • Dijon-2, formed with part of Dijon, with 27,485 inhabitants (2014).
  • Dijon-3, formed with part of Dijon, with 24,359 inhabitants (2014).
  • Dijon-4, formed with part of Dijon, with 26,824 inhabitants (2014).
  • Dijon-5, formed with part of Dijon, with 24,403 inhabitants (2014).
  • Dijon-6, formed with 2 communes (Corcelles-les-Monts and Flavignerot) and part of Dijon, with 26,182 inhabitants (2014).

Dijon is part of the intercommunality Dijon Métropole.

Education

Sister cities

Dijon is twinned with[10]

Photo gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "François REBSAMEN, votre maire" (in French). Ville de Dijon. https://www.dijon.fr/Vie-municipale/Vos-elus/Francois-REBSAMEN-votre-maire. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  2. "Commune de Dijon (21231)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-21231. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  3. "City of Dijon". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Dijon-21000/. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  4. "Ville de Dijon" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. https://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-dijon.html. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Dijon, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=8270&cityname=Dijon%2C+Burgundy%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  6. "Côte-d'Or" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/cote-d-or-21. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep21.pdf. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  8. "Unité urbaine de Dijon (21701)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-21701. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  9. "Aire urbaine de Dijon (025)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-025. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 
  10. "Villes partenaires" (in French). Ville de Dijon. https://www.dijon.fr/Dijon-Capitale/Ville-internationale/Villes-partenaires. Retrieved 2 December 2017. 

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