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Sir John Major
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|
28 November 1990 – 2 May 1997
|Preceded by||Margaret Thatcher|
|Succeeded by||Tony Blair|
|Born||29 March 1943|
Carshalton, Sutton, England
|Children||Son and daughter|
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) KG CH is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and leader of the Conservative Party from November 1990 to May 1997. He was also a member of the Cabinet of Margaret Thatcher as Chief Secretary to the Treasury (1987-1989), Foreign Secretary (1989) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1989-1990).
Major was born in Carshalton, England and left school at the age of 16. He became a Conservative Party councillor in 1968. At the 1979 General Election, Major became a Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire (Huntingdon from 1983 onwards). After holding several cabinet posts, Major was elected to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister and Conservative leader. As Prime Minister, John Major oversaw British involvement in the Gulf War (1991-92) and his party's narrow re-election in the 1992 General Election. After this, the Conservative Party became less popular because of the Black Wednesday fiasco in November 1992 and because the Conservative Party became divided over the issue of the European Union. The Conservative Party was defeated at the 1997 General Election and Major was succeeded by the Labour Party's Tony Blair. Major was succeeded as Conservative leader by William Hague and he stood down as an MP at the 2001 General Election.
Major married Norma Johnson (now Dame Norma Major, DBE) on 3 October 1970. She was a teacher, and a member of the Young Conservatives. They became engaged after only ten days. They had two children; a son, James, and a daughter, Elizabeth. They have a holiday home on the coast of north Norfolk, near Weybourne.
- Major, John (2000) John Major The Autobiography, p.30. HarperCollins, London. ISBN 0-00-653074-5.
- Seldon, Anthony (1998) Major – A Political Life, p.18. Phoenix, London. ISBN 0-7538-0145-0.
- Malcolm Rifkind (15 August 1999). "Major has every right to shop Lady Thatcher". London: Independent Newspapers. http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/major-has-every-right-to-shop-lady-thatcher-1112948.html. Retrieved 13 Narcg 2011.
- Major to turn down peerage – accessed 15 August 2006
- "Profile at". Number10.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20080908205034/http://www.number10.gov.uk/history-and-tour/prime-ministers-in-history/john-major/. Retrieved 17 April 2010.
- Brogan, Benedict (21 March 2002). "Protection bill for John Major rises to £1.5m". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/03/22/nmaj22.xml. Retrieved 3 July 2007.
- Insert http://www.manutd.com/default.sps?pagegid=%7BC7DF7CEC-3BC3-4859-A3FD-FE4AAD215DD8%7D&newsid=325899&page=2
- "The Shed – Celebrity Fans". Theshed.chelseafc.com. http://theshed.chelseafc.com/celebs.shtml. Retrieved 17 April 2010.