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Kōnin (弘仁) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Daidō and before Tenchō. This period started in September 810 and ended in January 824. During this time, the emperors were Saga-tennō (嵯峨天皇) and Junna-tennō (淳和天皇).
Events of the Kōnin era
- 820 (Kōnin 3): Legal code was re-written in 50 volumes, including all laws since 701.
- 822 (Kōnin 13): Death of the monk Saichō, who was the founder of the Tendai (天台宗 Tendai-shū ) sect of Buddhism in Japan
- 30 May 823 (Kōnin 14, 17th day of the 4th month): In the 14th year of Emperor Saga's reign, he abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by a his younger brother. Soon after, Emperor Junna accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
This era is part of Kōnin-jōgan, which is a historical period from 810 to 877. The importance of Buddhism and the arts was notable during this time.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōnin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 557.
- Nussbaum, "Saga Tennō," p. 804; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 97-102; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979).Gukanshō, pp. 280-282; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 151.
- Nussbaum, "Junna Tennō," p. 437; Titsingh, pp. 103-106; Brown, pp. 282-283; Varley, p. 151-152.
- Nussbaum, "Kōnin shiki" at p. 557.
- Nussbaum, "Kōnin kyaku-shiki" at p. 557.
- Nussbaum, "Saichō" at p. 805.
- Titsingh, p. 102-103; Brown, pp. 282.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Nussbaum, "Kōnin-jōgan" at p. 557.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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