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Lao Tzu (老子 Lǎo zi, 6th century BC) was one of the most famous Chinese philosophers. Not much is known of the details of his life, and some have thought he was not a real person. He was the author of a book called Tao Te Ching, The Way of Life, a work of about 81 stories with a consistent theme or moral.
According to this book, Tao ("the Way") does not change and it is the universal truth. His Taoism has been enormously influential in China. Lao Tzu is also known as the main source of Taoism (or Daoism). His name translates as "Old Master" in English.
Examples from the Tao
Source: [Lao Tzu] 1944. The Way of Life, an American version by Witter Bynner. Capricorn Books, New York.
- Existence is beyond the power of words to define.
- The way to do is to be.
- A leader is best when people barely know that he exists... when his work is done they will say, "we did it all by ourselves".
- Handle a large kingdom with as gentle a touch as if you were cooking small fish.
- The biggest problem in the world could have been solved when it was small.
- Article by Bing YeYoung "The Shamanic Origins of Laozi and Confucius"
- True Tao Home Page: articles, stories focused on practical applications of Tao teachings.
- A reconstructed portrait of Laozi, based on historical sources, in a contemporary style.
- Lao Tzu Page that provides teachings on Laozi, his life and philosophical concepts.
- A collection of resources on Laozi by Patrick Jennings: Critical Thinkers: Lao Tse & Daoism.
- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry
- 老子 Lǎozĭ 道德經 Dàodéjīng - 拼音 Pīnyīn + 王弼 WángBì + 馬王堆 Mǎwángduī + 郭店 Guōdiàn
- Works by Lao Zi at Project Gutenberg