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Louis Philippe I

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Louis Philippe I
[[File:1841 portrait painting of Louis Philippe I (King of the French) by Winterhalter.jpg|210px|alt=|]]
King of the French
Reign 9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848
Coronation 9 August 1830
Predecessor Charles X
Spouse Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Louise, Queen of the Belgians
Marie, Duchess Alexander of Württemberg
Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours
Princess Françoise of Orléans
Clémentine, Princess August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
François, Prince of Joinville
Prince Charles, Duke of Penthièvre
Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale
Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Full name
Louis Philippe d'Orléans
House House of Orléans
Father Philippe Égalité
Mother Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
Born 6 October 1773(1773-10-06)
Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France
Died 26 August 1850(1850-08-26) (aged 76)
Claremont House, Surrey, England, UK
Burial Royal Chapel of Dreux, France
Religion Roman Catholic

Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was the first and only person to have the title King of the French. Following the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, France became a republic. He spent 21 years in Exile before being proclaimed King after the death of Charles X of France in 1830. His relatively short reign was known as the "July Monarchy". He promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the conquest of Algeria. His popularity faded and he was forced to abdicate in 1848; he lived out his life in exile in England. His eldest son and heir died before succeeding him bringing the Kingdom of the French to an end.


Born at the Palais-Royal in Paris he was named Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Louis Philippe in honour of his father. His parents were the Duke and Duchess of Orléans. One of the most senior members of the French royal court. He was born a Prince of the blood which entitled him to be addressed as His Serene Highness. From birth he was given the title of Duke of Valois one of his fathers subsidiary titles. He was the eldest of four children born to the duke and duchess. He was a member of the House of Orléans, itself a cadet branch of the ruling House of Bourbon. The two branches were both directly descended from Louis XIV and were often in competition with one another.

His education was carried out by Madame de Genlis who was later his fathers mistress. It was her that instilled a fairly liberal attitude within the young prince. When Louis Philippe's grandfather died in 1785, his father succeeded him as Duke of Orléans and Louis Philippe succeeded his father as Duke of Chartres.

His parents had a strained marriage the Duke was famous for his many extramarital affairs and his wife just quietly accepted his infidelity. She was a notoriously religious woman who relished watching her children grow up. Louis Philippe was the eldest of four children born to the couple. Louis Philippe was very close to his brother, the younger Duke of Montpensier.


In 1808, Louis Philippe proposed to Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom. His Catholicism and the opposition of her mother Queen Charlotte meant the Princess reluctantly declined the offer.

In 1809, Louis Philippe married Princess Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily, daughter of King Ferdinand IV of Naples and Maria Carolina of Austria. They had ten children. Maria Amalia was also a niece of the late Queen Marie Antoinette.


  1. Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans (3 September 1810 – 13 July 1842) married Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and had children.
  2. Louise (3 April 1812 - 11 October 1850) married Leopold I of Belgium and had children.
  3. Marie (12 April 1813 - 6 January 1839) married Married Duke Alexander of Württemberg, had children.
  4. Louis, Duke of Nemours (25 October 1814 – 26 June 1896) married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and had children.
  5. François, Prince of Joinville (14 August 1818 – 16 June 1900) married Princess Francisca of Brazil and had children.
  6. Françoise (26 March 1816 - 20 May 1818) died young.
  7. Clémentine (6 March 1817 – 16 February 1907) married Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and had children.
  8. Charles, Duke of Penthièvre (1 January 1820 – 25 July 1828) died young.
  9. Henri, Duke of Aumale (January 16, 1822 – May 7, 1897) married Princess Maria Carolina of the Two Sicilies and had children.
  10. Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain and had children.

Titles and styles

  • 6 October 1773 – 18 November 1785 His Serene Highness The Duke of Valois
  • 18 November 1785 – 6 November 1793 His Serene Highness The Duke of Chartres
  • 6 November 1793 – 21 September 1824 His Serene Highness The Duke of Orléans
  • 21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830 His Royal Highness The Duke of Orléans
  • 9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848 His Majesty The King [of the French]
  • 24 February 1848 – 26 August 1850 His Majesty King Louis Philippe

Louis Philippe I
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 6 October 1773 Died: 26 August 1850
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles X
as King of France and of Navarre
King of the French
9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848
Monarchy abolished
Preceded by
Charles X
Co-Prince of Andorra
with Simó de Guardiola

9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848
Succeeded by
Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
French nobility
Preceded by
Louis Philippe
Duke of Orléans
6 November 1793 – 9 August 1830
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Philippe
Loss of title


Succeeded by
Philippe VII (or Louis Philippe II)