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Mughal dynasty

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The Mughal dynasty, or Great Moguls or simply Moguls or Muguls (a corruption of the word 'Mongol') were a dynasty of Muslim rulers who came from Central Asia[1] and founded the Mughal Empire in medieval India.[2]

The dynasty is generally divided into the following

Early or Great Mughals

Later or Lesser Mughals

  • Shah Alam Bahadur Shah I (1707-1712)
  • Jahandar Shah (1712-1713)
  • Farrukhsiyar (1713-1719)
  • Muhammad Shah Rangeela (1719-1748)
  • Ahmad Shah (1748-1754)
  • Alamgir II (1754-1759)
  • Shah Alam II (1759-1806)
  • Akbar (Shah) II (1806-1837)
  • Bahadur Shah II (1837-1858)


  1. B Gascoine, The Great Mughals, London:Jonathan Cape, 1971
  2. Gascoine
  3. In which Sher Shah Suri the Afghan/Pashtun soldier and his successors briefly took over the government