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Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jahan, Shahjahan, Urdu: شاه جہاں, Persian: شاه جهان, real birth name Prince 'Khurram'; January 5, 1592 – January 22, 1666) was Mughal emperor in India from 1628 until 1658. He was the fifth ruler of the Mughal dynasty.
The period of his reign is considered as the golden age of Mughal art and architecture. Shah Jahan is best known for erecting many splendid monuments, the most famous of which in all the world, is the Taj Mahal at Agra, built in 1632–1648 as a tomb for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.